Al Shabab

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Al Shabab

or

Al Shabaab

(), [Arab.,=the youth], Islamic fundamentalist militia based in SomaliaSomalia
, country (2005 est. pop. 8,591,000), 246,200 sq mi (637,657 sq km), extreme E Africa. It is directly south of the Arabian peninsula across the Gulf of Aden. Somalia comprises almost the entire African coast of the Gulf of Aden and a longer stretch on the Indian Ocean.
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. One of several hardline Somali Islamist militias, Al Shabab has operated primarily in southern and central Somalia but it also has recruited and carried out terrorist attacks outside the country's borders. The group emerged as a significant military force following the defeat in 2007 by Ethiopian and Somali forces of the Union of Islamic Courts, which had gained control of Mogadishu and much of southern Somalia in 2006 after defeating several clan militias. Following the withdrawal of Ethiopian troops from Somalia in 2009, it and other Islamist militias reestablished control over much of S and cental Somalia, including much of Mogadishu, and imposed a rigid form of Islamic law on the territory it controlled. Since 2011, however, African Union and Somali forces have largely ousted Al Shabab from major urban areas in Somalia. Al Shabab also has carried out numerous bombings, assassinations, and other terror attacks, and has undertaken terror attacks and assassinations in nations that have contributed forces to the African Union mission in Somalia, including the 2010 suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, which killed more than 70 people and the 2013 and 2014 attacks in Kenya in which some 60 people died in Nairobi and some 150 died in Garissa, respectively. Officially affiliated with Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 since 2012, Al Shabab has become increasingly decentralized and subject to clan politics and internal conflict among its leaders.
References in periodicals archive ?
NAIROBI, KENYA * Kenya has welcomed the return of 700 citizens who had joined Somalia's al-Shabab militant group.
KUWAIT, July 10 (KUNA) -- At least five people were killed when Al-Shabab militants attacked two hotels in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on Friday, the BBC reported.
The terrorist group Al-Shabab has attacked military and civilian targets and has routinely used intimidation of the press as a tool through which it seeks to control the narrative of its conflict.
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry released a statement Saturday condemning in the "strongest terms" an attack by Al-Shabab gunmen on the Garissa University College in eastern Kenya.
A US air strike has killed the intelligence chief of the al-Shabab terror group, according to Somalia's intelligence service.
NAIROBI, Kenya -- A leader with the Islamic extremist group al-Shabab, who had a $3 million bounty on his head, surrendered in Somalia, a Somali intelligence official said Saturday.
A Somali intelligence official said a US drone targeted Godane as he left an al-Shabab leaders' meeting to travel to the group's base in Barawe.
The gunmen belonged to the al-Shabab group, reports the BBC.
It is not clear who carried out Monday's attack but in the past similar explosions in Mogadishu have been claimed by Al-Shabab fighters," a government official said, Al-Jazeera reported.
Riyadh, Jumada II 5, 1435, Apr 5, 2014, SPA -- The following are matchday 26 and standings of Abdul Latif Jameel League: Matchday 26 Sunday, April 6: Al-Ahli - Al-Ettifaq Al-Shoulla - Al-Raed Al-Shabab - Al-Orubah Al-Twoun - Al-Nassr Al-Fateh - Al-Hilal Al-Faisaly - Al-Nahdha Najran - Al-Ittihad P - W - D - L - Pts 1 Al-Nassr 25 - 20 - 4 - 1 - 64 2 Al-Hilal 25 - 19 - 3 - 3 - 60 3 Al-Ahli 25 - 11 - 9 - 5 - 42 4 Al-Shabab 25 - 9 - 10 - 6 - 37 5 Al-Twoun -- 25 - 8 - 10 - 7 - 34 6 Al-Ittihad 25 - 8 - 8 - 9 - 32 7 Al-Faisaly 25 - 7 - 8 - 10 - 29 8 Al-Fateh 25 - 7 - 7 - 11 - 28 9 Al-Raed 25 - 7 - 7 - 11 - 28 10 Al-Ettifaq 25 - 6 - 8 - 11 - 26 11 Al-Orubah 25 - 4 - 14 - 7 - 26 12 Al-Shoulla 25 - 6 - 7 - 12 - 25 13 Najran 25 - 7 - 4 - 14 - 25 14 Al-Nahdha 25 - 3 - 7 - 15 - 16 -
Musa Yego, the criminal investigations chief in GarissaCounty, said al-Shabab is suspected of carrying out Tuesday's attack.
The allied forces has captured areas in the east and west of the town and advanced towards Bula-burte, which is the 2nd biggest town in the region and al-Shabab stronghold, without resistance.