Alabama claims


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Alabama claims,

claims made by the U.S. government against Great Britain for the damage inflicted on Northern merchant ships during the American Civil War by the Alabama and other Confederate cruisersConfederate cruisers,
in U.S. history, warships constituting the South's seagoing navy. At the outbreak of the Civil War the United States ranked next to Great Britain in merchant marine.
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 that had been built, fitted out, and otherwise aided by British interests. William H. Seward failed to reach a settlement while he was Secretary of State. However, his successor, Hamilton Fish, brought about the Treaty of Washington (1871), which provided for arbitration. Charles Francis Adams for the United States, Alexander J. E. Cockburn for Great Britain, and three members from neutral countries constituted the tribunal, which met at Geneva in 1871–72. The arbitrators threw out American claims for indirect losses, but they awarded the United States $15.5 million for all the direct damage done by the Alabama and the Florida and for most of the damage caused by the Shenandoah. The British were absolved of blame in the cases of several less important cruisers.
References in classic literature ?
The boasted "tour of the world" was talked about, disputed, argued with as much warmth as if the subject were another Alabama claim.
Lord Ripon was a Liberal politician and was attached to the British commission sent, under his father's head, to Washington to settle the Alabama claims in 1871.
In January 1872, the international arbitration tribunal for the Alabama Claims met at the Hotel De la Paix.
WVTM-TV in Alabama claims the area of the crash was once a neighborhood, but is now an open field, owned by the airport.

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