alabaster

(redirected from Alabaster jar)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

alabaster,

fine-grained, massive, translucent variety of gypsumgypsum
, mineral composed of calcium sulfate (calcium, sulfur, and oxygen) with two molecules of water, CaSO4·2H2O. It is the most common sulfate mineral, occurring in many places in a variety of forms. A transparent crystalline variety is selenite.
..... Click the link for more information.
, a hydrous calcium sulfate. It is pure white or streaked with reddish brown. Alabaster, like all other forms of gypsum, forms by the evaporation of bedded deposits that are precipitated mainly from evaporating seawater. It is soft enough to be scratched with a fingernail and hence it is easily broken, soiled, and weathered. Because of its softness, alabaster is often carved for statuary and other decorative purposes. It is quarried in England and also in Italy. Vases and statuettes of Italian alabaster are sold as "Florentine marbles." The term "Oriental alabaster" is a misnomer and actually refers to marblemarble,
metamorphic rock composed wholly or in large part of calcite or dolomite crystals, the crystalline texture being the result of metamorphism of limestone by heat and pressure.
..... Click the link for more information.
, a calcium carbonate; whereas gypsum is a calcium sulfate. Important sources of alabaster are Algeria, Egypt, Iran, and Mexico (from which it is exported under the name Mexican onyx); in the United States there are important sources in Utah and Arizona. Oriental alabaster (marble) was extensively used by the Egyptians in sarcophagi, in the linings of tombs, in the walls and ceilings of temples, and in vases and sacrificial vessels. The Romans worked the Algerian and Egyptian quarries and used the stone for similar purposes. In modern times it was used by Muhammad Ali for his mosque in Cairo. The French make extensive use of alabaster in interior decoration.

alabaster

A fine-grained, translucent variety of very pure gypsum, white or delicately shaded, and used for ornamental work.
See also: Stone

alabaster

[′al·ə‚bas·tər]
(mineralogy)
CaSO4·2H2O A fine-grained, colorless gypsum.

alabaster

Fine-grained, translucent variety of very pure gypsum, generally white or delicately shaded.

alabaster

1. a fine-grained usually white, opaque, or translucent variety of gypsum used for statues, vases, etc.
2. a variety of hard semitranslucent calcite, often banded like marble
References in periodicals archive ?
The text is similar to another inscription on an alabaster jar found in Assur (Preusser 1955: 22, e).
Some alabaster jar fragments and stone vases have been recorded in Toscanos, one of them in Building C (Lindemann et al.
Characterization of the solid residue in an ancient Egyptian alabaster jar.
Melqart is implied in the theophore name hnmlk, which belongs to the deceased and is depicted on one of the alabaster jars used as a cinerary urn in Almunecar (Lipinski 1984: 126-7).
Starbird's book The Woman with the Alabaster Jar was a significant influence on his novel.
He emptied himself like the contents of some precious alabaster jar and poured out his life.
In broken bread are also the shards of an alabaster jar.
She's an art historian, and it turned out she had given him a copy of my book The Woman with the Alabaster Jar.
It was in the crucible of the Emmanuel community that Starbird received the inspiration and support that eventually resulted in her first book, The Woman with the Alabaster Jar, published by Bear and Company in 1993.
Bearing their ministerial tools -- alabaster jars of spices -- they sidestep the sleeping watchmen and learn of the Resurrection from an angel.