Alain Chartier

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chartier, Alain


Born circa 1385, in Bayeux; died circa 1433, in Avignon. French poet.

Chartier was secretary to King Charles VII. As a diplomat, he visited many countries, including Italy. In ballades and rondeaux and in such narrative poems as The Book of the Four Ladies (1424) and La Belle Dame sans merci (1424), Chartier surmounted the linguistic conventions of late medieval love lyrics.

Chartier’s political tracts The Quadrilogue Invective (1422) and The Curial (mid-1420’s) sharply and eloquently addressed France’s problems, especially the decay of the nobility and the suffering of the people, who bore the brunt of the Hundred Years’War of 1337–1453.


Le Quadrilogue invectif. Paris, 1923.
La Belle Dame sans merci et les poésies lyriques. Paris, 1945.


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 178–79.
Hoffman, E. J. Alain Chartier, His Work and Reputation. New York, 1942.
References in periodicals archive ?
Un'appendice interessante a questo saggio dimostra come un'opera attribuita ad Alain Chartier sia invece di Ortensio Lando e come attraverso una traduzione francese arrivi nel mondo inglese.
1) Laidlaw lists thirty-two Querelle de la belle dame sans mercy manuscripts in The Poetical Works of Alain Chartier (Cambridge, 1974), pp.
Her body, fleshed out in Ronsard's poem from earlier models in Alain Chartier and Christine de Pizan and the figure that Du Bellay coined in the name of "France, mere des arts" in one of the celebrated sonnets of the Regrets (1558), insists that the spirit of nation and of appurtenance is conveyed through an erotically changed maternal object, the mother whom one protects and admires but also the person who arouses desire at the drop of a hat.
This study of the poetic `I' in late medieval French poetry focuses on works by Guillaume de Machaut, Jean Froissart, Eustache Deschamps, Christine de Pizan, Alain Chartier, and Charles d'Orleans.
More ambitious are two essays with broader scope: Martin Gosman studies the connection between Alain Chartier, the French royal house, and appeals to ideas of both republican and imperial Rome; and Marc-Rene Jung surveys the literature which preserves `ancient history', particularly that which descends from Dares.