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a counterrevolutionary bourgeois-nationalist organization in Kazakhstan which existed from 1917 to 1920. It expressed the class interests of rich landowners, feudal lords, and the emerging Kazakh bourgeoisie.

Alash, which was formed in 1905 by members of the Kadet Party, took shape politically at the first “All-Kirghiz” congress in Orenburg, held July 21–26 (Aug. 3–8), 1917. Its program, ideologically based on Pan-Islamism and Pan-Turkism, called for the bourgeois autonomy of Kazakhstan and defended the patriarchal and feudal order’s slow adaptation to the conditions of bourgeois society. In its struggle against the revolutionary workers’ movement, Alash joined forces with the Russian bourgeoisie and the foreign imperialists.

At the second “All-Kirghiz” counterrevolutionary congress, Dec. 5–13 (18–26), 1917, in Orenburg, the autonomous “government” of Alash-Orda was formed, headed by A. Bukeikhanov; it decided to create an armed force. Alash formed branches in the Ural’sk, Turgai, and Semipalatinsk regions and established close ties with the counterrevolutionary “Kokand autonomy” and the Bashkir nationalists. By deceit and demagoguery, Alash-Orda managed to gain some followers among Kazakh workers in 1917–18. Alash-Orda detachments joined the White Guard armies under Dutov, Kolchak, Annenkov, and others. The Communist Party successfully solved the problem of politically isolating Alsh: in the course of the Civil War the Alash-Orda detachments were smashed, and its “government” was liquidated in March 1920 by the Kirghiz (Kazakh) Revolutionary Committee.


Istoriia Kazakhskoi SSR. Alma-Ata, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sanitary maintenance of premises and adjacent territory at the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, Alash Highway 12A.
The project aims to eliminate unregulated markets near Alash highway, where the center will be located.
15) Alash nationalist movement was formed in resistance to Russian colonization in 1905.
Alash Ensemble, the Tuvan throat singers and instrumentalists who shared the Hult Center stage with Bla Fleck & the Flecktones this most recent holiday season, will be at the WOW Hall for a Sunday show.
The Alash musicians have trained since they were children.
Engineering group Mayflower upped its offer for Midland vehicle maker Dennis in a surprise move yesterday, increasing its bid from an alash offer of pounds 255million to pounds 268.
Calls for revision of the borders by Cossack groups and Russian nationalists roused the counter Kazakh Alash movement, voicing strident Kazakh demands.
The concert also features Tuvan throat singers Alash.
1 /PRNewswire/ -- Tuvan throat singing group Alash -- one of the world's foremost practitioners of this rare musical art form -- will be performing in the New York City area in early March.
The company said the bid, which trumped its own alash pounds 255million offer, was comprised mainly of Henlys shares of "uncertain and diminished value".
However, Henlys said it believed it was paying a good price and dismissed Mayflower's alash offer, saying the company would be financially stretched if the bid went through.
Under the terms of the alash offer, Blackstone is offering pounds 15.