Albert Coates


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Coates, Albert

 

Born Apr. 23,1882, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 11, 1953, in Milnerton, near Cape Town. British conductor and composer.

Coates completed his musical education at the Leipzig Conservatory. He was a pupil and assistant of A. Nikisch. He made his debut as an opera conductor in Leipzig and worked in the opera houses of Elberfeld, Dresden, and Mannheim (1906–10). During 1911–19 he was the conductor of the Mariinskii Theatre in St. Petersburg (Petrograd), where he staged many Russian operas. In 1913 he was a guest conductor at Covent Garden in London; he moved to London in 1919 and conducted opera and symphonic works.

Coates taught at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester (USA) during 1923–25 and conducted the Eastman orchestra. He toured the USA and the major music centers of Europe. He often performed in the USSR (for the first time in 1926). In 1946 he moved to South Africa, where he directed the Johannesburg Symphony and taught at the University of Cape Town.

Coates was an outstanding interpreter of many classic Russian operas, the works of A. N. Scriabin, and the operas of R. Wagner. He composed several operas, the symphonic poem The Eagle, piano pieces, and songs.

E. IA. RATSER

References in periodicals archive ?
Albert Coates, 38, of Belvedere, Kent, was fined a total of PS640 for causing unnecessary suffering and driving a horse furiously.
In July 2005, I received a telephone call from Muller (who had since been appointed in a temporary capacity in the Stellenbosch University Music Department) stating that a project that he proposed to the Library and Information Service and the Music Department under the name DOMUS, had been approved and that ad hoc funding from the Music Department had been made available for six months to sort the collection of conductor-composer Albert Coates.
24) Much of 2011 was used to prepare for the first major digitisation projects of DOMUS, centred on the Albert Coates and Stefans Grove collections.
Cillie, Albert Coates, Dirkie de Villiers, Donald Graham Historical Sound Recordings, Hans Endler, Anton Hartman, Friedrich Wilhelm Jannasch, Konservatorium, Lopez-Lambrechts, Rosa Nepgen, Michael Scott, Frits Stegmann, Walter Swanson, Arnold van Wyk, and Charles Weich collections.
Address : Melbourne 3 Albert Coates Lane, Melbourne
He listened to recordings, read biographies and other books on conductors, and considered reviews of performances for his discussion, which begins with Wagner himself, then chronologically treats his pupils Hermann Levi, Felix Mottl, and Karl Muck, and Viennese, American, German, and Russian conductors Arthur Nikisch, Albert Coates, Gustav Mahler, Felix Weingartner, Bruno Walter, Arturo Toscanini, Artur Bodanzky, Wilhelm Furtwangler, Fritz Busch, Erich Kleiber, Hans Knappertsbusch, Clemens Krauss, Karl Bohm, Richard Strauss, Otto Klemperer, and Fritz Reiner.
On Victor 55204-B, "Siegmund sees the sword hilt in the tree" and 55206B, "Wotan warns Brunnhilde not to disobey," both from the Walkure, the Victor label identifies the conductor as Eugene Goossens, yet Bolig credits these sides to Albert Coates.
The range of correspondents is vast, including conductors such as Albert Coates, Sir Henry Wood, Sergei Koussevitzky, Hermann Scherchen, and Ernest Ansermet; soloists Joseph Szigeti, Pablo Casals, Robert Soetens, and Fedor Chaliapin; composers Igor Stravinsky, Nikolai Miaskovsky, and Maurice Ravel; directors Vsevolod Meyerhold and Alexander Tairov; Ballets Russes impresario Serge Diaghilev; and chess grandmaster Jose Capablanca.
Initial collections that featured on this platform include the Vrye Weekblad and Die Zuid-Afrikaan newspapers, maps from the Hugh Solomon historical map collection, photographs from the James Walton collection, and a number of items from the Albert Coates and Stefans Grove collections which are housed at the Documentation Centre for Music (DOMUS).
There is, then, much new material here, and whilst Shostakovich and Prokofiev are given due attention, the picture is decidedly broader: one reads polarised reviews of Rachmaninoff's All-Night Vigil in 1926; of the campaign against the foxtrot, coupled with a more balanced response to the first authentic jazz band to visit the Soviet Union in 1936; and a wholly negative account of a performance of Rachmaninoff's The Bells and Holst's The Planets under Albert Coates in 1931, the latter 'a typical reflection and promotion of modern imperialism'.