Albert

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Albert,

1819–61, prince consort of VictoriaVictoria
(Alexandrina Victoria) , 1819–1901, queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the daughter of Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III), and Princess Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
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 of Great Britain, whom he married in 1840. He was of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
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 lineage, the son of Ernest I, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and first cousin to Victoria. As an alien prince he was initially unpopular, but in time the English came to admire him for his irreproachable character, his devotion to the queen and their children, and his deep concern with public affairs. His influence was particularly strong in diplomacy; his insistence on moderation in the Trent AffairTrent Affair,
incident in the diplomatic relations between the United States and Great Britain, which occurred during the American Civil War. On Nov. 8, 1861, the British mail packet Trent, carrying James M.
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 (1861) may have averted war with the United States. As chancellor of the Univ. of Cambridge, he transformed it into a modern institution.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. Fulford (1949), F. Eyck (1959), R. Pound (1974), and R. R. James (1983); S. Weintraub, Uncrowned King (1997); G. Gill, We Two: Victoria and Albert, Rulers, Partners, Rivals (2009).


Albert,

1490–1545, German churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. A member of the house of Brandenburg, he became (1514) archbishop of Mainz. Because Albert was underage, this appointment was uncanonical and he was required to pay a large fee for a papal dispensation. To assist Albert in raising this sum, the pope authorized an eight-year sale of indulgences. Albert authorized (1517) Johann TetzelTetzel, Johann
, c.1465–1519, German preacher, b. Pirna, Germany. He joined the Dominicans. He became a well-known preacher and was made inquisitor general of Poland at the instance of Cajetan.
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 to preach this indulgence—occasioning Martin Luther's public protest against indulgences. A patron of Ulrich von HuttenHutten, Ulrich von
, 1488–1523, German humanist and poet, partisan of the Reformation, an outstanding figure in German political history. Hutten's career as poet was launched by his participation in the famous Episculae obscurorum virorum
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, Albert was expected to join the Reformers, but after 1525 he actively opposed them. Later he invited the Jesuits to preach in his diocese. He was a friend of Erasmus.

Albert

((719) Albert) A small asteroid (2.6 km across) discovered by J. Palisa when it approached the Earth closely in 1911, but since lost.

Borisov, Oleg (Al’bert) Ivanovich

 

Born Nov. 8, 1929, in Privolzhsk, Ivanovo Oblast. Soviet Russian actor. People’s Artist of the USSR (1978).

After graduating from the V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko School-Studio in 1951, Borisov performed at the Lesia Ukrainka Russian Dramatic Theater in Kiev until 1964, when he joined the M. Gorky Bolshoi Drama Theater in Leningrad. His roles have included Petr and Sukhov in Gorky’s Smug Citizens and The Summer People, respectively, Grigorii Melekhov in an adaptation of Sholokhov’s novel The Quiet Don, and Aizatullin in Gel’man’s Proceedings of a Meeting. He has also appeared as Gania Ivolgin in an adaptation of Dostoevsky’s novel The Idiot and as Kisterev in a stage version of Tendriakov’s short story “Three Sacks of Bad Wheat.”

Borisov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1978.

Albert

popular servant’s name: assistant, manservant, page-boy. [Br. Lit.: Loving; By The Pricking of My Thumbs; A Damsel in Distress]
See: Servant

Albert

1
Prince. full name Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 1819--61, Prince Consort of Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland

Albert

2
Lake. a lake in E Africa, between the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaïre) and Uganda in the great Rift Valley, 660 m (2200 ft.) above sea level: a source of the Nile, fed by the Victoria Nile, which leaves as the Albert Nile. Area: 5345 sq.km (2064 sq. miles)