Albert John Luthuli
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Luthuli, Albert John
Born 1898 in Groutville, Natal Province;died July 21, 1967, in Stanger. Political and public figure in the Republic of South Africa. Zulu by nationality.
Luthuli was educated in a missionary school and at Adam’s College (Natal). In 1946 he joined the African National Congress (ANC), the largest political organization of the country’s African population. From December 1952 he was president-general of the ANC (which went underground after being proscribed in 1960). He advocated rallying all the democratic forces of the Republic of South Africa. He participated (in 1952 and 1955 and on other occasions) in mass campaigns against the apartheid regime. A member of the World Peace Council, he was the first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize (the Nobel Peace Prize for 1960). In 1959 the South African government prohibited him from leaving his farm, attending assemblies and meetings, or participating in political life. He died in an accident.