Despite initial shock, Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring
had concentrated 24,000 troops around the beachhead within 48 hours.
Priebke says that posters warning of reprisal in the event of attacks against Nazi troops had been affixed on "every wall" upon the orders of the Luftwaffe commander in Italy, Albert Kesselring
Pier Paolo Battistelli's ALBERT KESSELRING
089 fighters under the command of Feldmarschalls Hugo von Sperrle and Albert Kesselring
attempted to destroy the RAF.
Although the initial resistance was light, the German commander in Italy Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
quickly organised a counter attack with 100,000 troops.
Indeed, Clark wonders who was pinning down whom in Italy, for the German defense engineered by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
demanded a far greater Allied investment than initially anticipated.
For instance, by October, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
, Axis commander in the Mediterranean, predicted that Allied forces would likely land somewhere in North Africa but he was much distracted by the stalwart British outpost of Malta; repeated bombing and invasion attempts had failed to dislodge its entrenched garrison, and Royal Air Force sorties from Malta were consistently interdicting his seaborne logistics train.
Anatomy of perjury; Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
, Via Rasella, and the GINNY mission.
Von Below also captures Hitler's dedication to Benito Mussolini, despite his clear distrust of the Italian fascist ruler, as well as the rise (and sometimes fall) of many German flag officers in Hitler's eyes, including Erwin Rommel, Erich von Manstein, and Albert Kesselring
Field Marshall Albert Kesselring
, the German Commander in Chief South, who observed that "one disappointment followed another," wondered if the Italian defenders were guilty of "cowardice or treachery.
Mr Richards also guarded Field Marshal Albert Kesselring
, who was imprisoned for the murder of 330 Italian civilians, committed in retaliation for the murder of 33 Germans by members of the country's resistance.
On Christmas Day, Commander-in-Chief South Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring
lamented to General der Panzertruppen Joachim Lemelsen, commander of 10th Army, "We do not want to defend Ortona decisively, but the English have made it appear as important as Rome .