Albert Kesselring


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Kesselring, Albert

 

Born Nov. 20, 1885, in Markstedt; died July 16, 1960, in Bad Nauheim. Fascist German field marshal (1940).

In 1936—37, Kesselring was air force chief of staff. Beginning in February 1938 he was in command of the First Air Fleet, directing it in the aggression against Poland in 1939. In 1940 he took over command of the Second Air Fleet during the French Campaign of 1940, the air raids on Britain during 1940–41, and the attacks against the USSR. Beginning in December 1941, Kesselring was commander in chief of the German troops in the southwest (the Mediterranean area, including Italy), and from March through May of 1945 he served as commander in chief of the German troops in western Germany. In October 1947 he was sentenced to death as a war criminal by a British military tribunal, but the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. In October 1952, Kesselring was freed. He was an honorary member of revanchist societies in the Federal Republic of Germany.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite initial shock, Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring had concentrated 24,000 troops around the beachhead within 48 hours.
Priebke says that posters warning of reprisal in the event of attacks against Nazi troops had been affixed on "every wall" upon the orders of the Luftwaffe commander in Italy, Albert Kesselring.
Pier Paolo Battistelli's ALBERT KESSELRING (9781849087353, $18.
089 fighters under the command of Feldmarschalls Hugo von Sperrle and Albert Kesselring attempted to destroy the RAF.
Although the initial resistance was light, the German commander in Italy Field Marshal Albert Kesselring quickly organised a counter attack with 100,000 troops.
Indeed, Clark wonders who was pinning down whom in Italy, for the German defense engineered by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring demanded a far greater Allied investment than initially anticipated.
For instance, by October, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, Axis commander in the Mediterranean, predicted that Allied forces would likely land somewhere in North Africa but he was much distracted by the stalwart British outpost of Malta; repeated bombing and invasion attempts had failed to dislodge its entrenched garrison, and Royal Air Force sorties from Malta were consistently interdicting his seaborne logistics train.
Anatomy of perjury; Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, Via Rasella, and the GINNY mission.
Von Below also captures Hitler's dedication to Benito Mussolini, despite his clear distrust of the Italian fascist ruler, as well as the rise (and sometimes fall) of many German flag officers in Hitler's eyes, including Erwin Rommel, Erich von Manstein, and Albert Kesselring.
Field Marshall Albert Kesselring, the German Commander in Chief South, who observed that "one disappointment followed another," wondered if the Italian defenders were guilty of "cowardice or treachery.
Mr Richards also guarded Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, who was imprisoned for the murder of 330 Italian civilians, committed in retaliation for the murder of 33 Germans by members of the country's resistance.
On Christmas Day, Commander-in-Chief South Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring lamented to General der Panzertruppen Joachim Lemelsen, commander of 10th Army, "We do not want to defend Ortona decisively, but the English have made it appear as important as Rome .