Johnston, Albert Sidney

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Johnston, Albert Sidney,

1803–62, Confederate general, b. Washington, Ky. After serving in the Black Hawk War, he resigned (1834) from the U.S. army and went to Texas where he enlisted (1835) in the revolutionary army. Johnston became its commander in 1837 and served as Texas secretary of war, 1838–40. In the Mexican War, he commanded a regiment of volunteers and saw action at Monterrey. Reentering the U.S. army in 1849, Johnston served on the Texas frontier, was commander of the Dept. of Texas (1856–58), led the expedition against the Mormons (1857), and commanded the Dept. of Utah (1858–60). When Texas seceded from the Union in Apr., 1861, Johnston, commanding the Dept. of the Pacific, again resigned his commission in the U.S. army and was soon made general in charge of Confederate operations in the West. Union victories, especially at Fort Donelson (Feb., 1862), forced him to withdraw from the line of defense he had established in 1861. He concentrated an army at Corinth, Miss., and on Apr. 6, 1862, attacked Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh (see Shiloh, battle ofShiloh, battle of,
Apr. 6–7, 1862, one of the great battles of the American Civil War. The battle took its name from Shiloh Church, a meetinghouse c.3 mi (5 km) SSW of Pittsburg Landing, which was a community in Hardin co., Tenn., 9 mi (14.
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). Johnston was killed at the height of battle.

Bibliography

See biography by his son W. P. Johnston (1878, repr. 1964); C. P. Roland, Albert Sidney Johnston (1987).

Johnston, Albert Sidney

(1803–62) soldier; born in Washington, Ky. The son of a doctor, he graduated from West Point (1826) and served in the regular army until 1834. He commanded irregular forces in Texas in 1837–38 and led Texas troops during the Mexican War. He reentered the U.S. Army in 1849 and served until April 1861. Given command of Confederate forces between the Appalachians and the Mississippi river, he surprised Grant's army at Shiloh on April 6, 1862, but was killed in action there, perhaps enhancing his reputation as one of the greatest of all soldiers and the general who might have saved the Confederacy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lee and Albert Sidney Johnston - will remain on the university's South Mall, but Fenves will consider adding explanatory plaques to place them in historical context.
And soon after those sobering remarks, Davis's favorite field commander, Albert Sidney Johnston, was dead (mortally wounded at Shiloh) and the Confederate's most popular general at the time, Pierre G.
It was a gift to her husband, General Albert Sidney Johnston, who later was killed during the Civil War at the Battle of Shiloh.
In the latter area, Davis's loyalty toward friends such as Albert Sidney Johnston, Leonidas Polk, Braxton Bragg, and commissary general Lucius Northrup come in for the usual criticism, as does his intense dislike of other officers such as P.
Enlisting as a private, he was elected first lieutenant in the First Texas Regiment of Volunteers and was later appointed as adjutant on the staff of Albert Sidney Johnston.
Albert Sidney Johnston never engaged in any pitched battles with them.
Ninfa Ruiz-Diaz, Albert Sidney Johnston High School, Austin,
General Albert Sidney Johnston, the second-highest-ranking general in the army of the Confederate States of America, just behind C.
Albert Sidney Johnston, however, sent him to Chattanooga, where he took charge of two small hospitals.