albinism

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albinism

[′al·bə‚niz·əm]
(biology)
The state of having colorless chromatophores, which results in the absence of pigmentation in animals that are normally pigmented.
(medicine)
A hereditary, metabolic disorder transmitted as an autosomal recessive and characterized by the inability to form melanin in the skin, hair, and eyes due to tyrosinase deficiency.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since albino animals can't produce pigments, they're unable to protect their skin.
While sunscreen can't save wild albino animals, it can help those in captivity: When an albino kangaroo at the San Francisco Zoo was a baby, zookeepers applied regular doses of sunscreen to the roo's pigment-free pink ears and nose until thick, adult fur grew in to provide a more natural shield.
Albino Animals, by Kelly Milner Halls, Darby Creek Publishing, 2004.
Name two factors that make wild albino animals more vulnerable to predators than pigmented animals are.