Albumazar


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Albumazar

(äl'bo͞omä`zər), 805?–885, Arab astronomer, more fully Abu-Mashar Jafar ibn Muhammad. In his De magnis conjunctionibus he claimed that the world had been created when the seven planets were in conjunction in the first degree of the constellation Aries and that its end would come when they should be in conjunction again in the last degree of Pisces. In his astronomical tables he used the Persian calculations of the years and pointed out that they did not follow the Jews' reckoning of time.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Black Joke, according to Albumazar, and Erra Pater, is the best for Service, as those who dispose of them are the most honourable: They will neither force their Wares upon you, nor refuse 'em at a tolerable Price.
In the Prologue to his Albumazar, staged before King James at Trinity College in 1615, Thomas Tomkis said his play was to be recited in "this forraigne language," English, for the sake of the ladies in the audience, "for whose sake / Wee now speake English (For Latine is our mother tongue).
In 1615 Thomas Tomkis in Albumazar excused its presentation to the courtiers of its royal audience at Cambridge not in Latin but English, which he called "this forraigne language.
Albumazar mocks the pretentious speech of astrologers like Subtle, who are "Now then declining from Theourgia, / Artenosoria, Pharmacia, rejecting / Necro-puro-geo-hydro-cheiro-coscinomancy, / With other vaine and superstitious sciences, / Wee'l ancor at the Art Prestigiatorie, / That represents one figure for another, / With smooth deceit abusing th'eyes of mortals.
The links to Tomkis's Lingua are unsupported by any to his later Albumazar (1614), and although he lived till 1634, "There is no evidence that Tomkis wrote any plays after 1616.
Nel 1611 John Donne attacca Galileo nella violenta satira antigesuitica Ignatius His Conclave; nel 1614 Thomas Tomkis riscrive L'astrologo di Della Porta nella commedia Albumazar inserendovi Galileo per accusarlo di vendere astri inesistenti--caustica allusione alla dedica del Sidereus nuncius e all'offerta delle lune di Giove alla casata medicea (Tomkis K3r).