She should therefore be seen, not in a thiasos (whatever that might be) but, like Alcaeus
, in a hetairia, an association of friends.
Thus, for example, the psychological image of the multi-headed beast-tyrant traces its origins in Hesiod's Typhon, (29) while the image of the ship of the State in disarray evokes the poem of Alcaeus
ac ne me foliis ideo brevioribus ornes quod timui mutare modos et carminis artem: temperat Archilochi Musam pede mascula Sappho, temperat Alcaeus
, sed rebus et ordine dispar .
The fields are constructed as an erotic space through the mention of the hyacinth flowers, as these are associated with Aphrodite in early Greek poetry, probably because of their seductive smell: in Cypria Fragment 4, Aphrodite is clothed in perfumed garments of flowers, including hyacinths; in Alcaeus
Fragment 196b Aphrodite is presented with youths garlanded with hyacinth; in Sappho Fragment 194, girls are led into the bridal room together with Aphrodite, whose hair is bound with hyacinth.
The poets Tyrtaeus, Archilochus, and Alcaeus
, the historians Thucydides and Polybius, the philosopher Melissus, the playwright Sophocles: all were soldiers, most of them commanders.
He also discusses political and personal life on the island, Sappho's family, and her contemporary Alcaeus
not Alkaios, Croesus not Kroisos, and Pittacus not Pittakos).
7-12, as a cluster, embody the multifaceted approach inherent in Horace's lyric mastery in the same way as the Parade Odes display his metrical attainment, (7) or the Roman Odes his achievement as the Roman alternative to the Greek lyric poet, Alcaeus
6) All italicised quotations can be found in the volume Greek Lyric I: Sappho, Alcaeus
, David A Campbell (ed.
Horace's portrayal of Alcaeus
, similar to Ronsard's depiction of Belot, presents a man of contradictions who waged war and wrote amatory verse.
The second part is centered on the characterization of the dialects used by Sappho and Alcaeus
, paying special attention to phonetic, morphological and lexical features.
is dead, I will take poison--and I saw myself going to Xerxes, our Persian chemist, and asking for the powder.