Dumbarton

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Dumbarton,

former county, Scotland: see DumbartonshireDumbartonshire
or Dunbartonshire,
former county, W central Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, the county of Dumbartonshire (or Dumbarton) became (1975) part of the new Strathclyde region.
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.

Dumbarton

(dəmbär`tən), town (1991 pop. 23,550), West Dunbartonshire, W Scotland, at the confluence of the Leven and Clyde rivers. It is a shipbuilding center (the Cutty Sark was fitted out there) and has engineering works. Whisky (distilling and blending) is a major industry. Historical Scottish castles were built on Dumbarton Rock, a 250-ft-high (76-m) hill of basalt, from at least the 5th cent., when Dumbarton was the capital of the kingdom of Strathclyde. It became the capital of the earldom of Lennox in the 12th cent. and was granted a royal charter in 1222. Sir John de Monteith, the governor of Dumbarton Castle, betrayed William WallaceWallace, Sir William,
1272?–1305, Scottish soldier and national hero. The first historical record of Wallace's activities concerns the burning of Lanark by Wallace and 30 men in May, 1297, and the slaying of the English sheriff, one of those whom Edward I of England had
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 in 1305. As a result, Wallace was imprisoned in the castle.

Dumbarton

a town in W Scotland, in West Dunbartonshire near the confluence of the Rivers Leven and Clyde: centred around the Rock of Dumbarton, an important stronghold since ancient times; engineering and distilling. Pop.: 20 527 (2001)
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Lord McFall of Alcluith, who chaired the commission, said the spotlight for reform had rightly fallen on public sector pensions, but he added there were "critical problems" in private firms as well.
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