alcohol dehydrogenase

(redirected from Alcohol metabolism)
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Related to Alcohol metabolism: alcohol dehydrogenase

alcohol dehydrogenase

[′al·kə‚hȯl ‚dē·hī′drä·jə‚nās]
(biochemistry)
The enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the studies investigating alcohol metabolism in Native Americans, several specifically examined the frequency of the ALDH2*2 isoform in members of some tribes of Native Americans.
Alcohol metabolism is one of the biological determinants that can influence drinking behavior and the development of alcohol dependence and alcohol-induced organ damage (Yin and Agarwal 2001).
Genetically influenced differences in alcohol metabolism have been implicated strongly in the etiology of alcoholism.
At least part of this genetic predisposition may be related to alcohol metabolism because the rate of alcohol metabolism is genetically determined.
This article reviews past theories and current knowledge about the pathophysiology of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis, with particular emphasis on alcohol metabolism by acinar and stellate cells and on the toxic effects of alcohol and its metabolites on these cells.
This article examines the possible contributions of changes in alcohol metabolism during pregnancy and their interaction with maternal nutritional status in determining the degree to which alcohol is toxic to the fetus.
Understanding the balance of alcohol's removal and the accumulation of potentially damaging metabolic byproducts, as well as how alcohol metabolism affects other metabolic pathways, is essential for appreciating both the short-term and long-term effects of the body's response to alcohol intake.
This article examines alcohol metabolism in the liver by the enzyme cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and the role of this enzyme in creating a harmful condition known as oxidative stress.
These investigations point to central roles for the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) and for certain molecules found in the animals' mitochondria, all of which are involved in alcohol metabolism.
2) Intravenous administration of alcohol circumvents absorption kinetics and provides a more direct assessment of alcohol metabolism in a steady state that cannot be achieved by oral administration.
The primary enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism are alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH).
com), a Silicon Valley-based provider of vitamin and nutritional products for the active social lifestyle, today announced DEFY[R], a functional health powder mix designed to enhance alcohol metabolism and help next-day mental alertness.