Alder, Kurt

Alder, Kurt

(äl`dər), 1902–58, German chemist, educated at Berlin and at Kiel. He was on the research staff of the Bayer Dye Works (1936–40) before becoming (1940) professor of chemistry and director of the chemical institute of the Univ. of Cologne. He shared with Otto DielsDiels, Otto Paul Hermann,
1876–1954, German chemist, Ph.D. Univ. of Berlin, 1899. From 1899 to 1915, Diehls was on the faculty at the Univ. of Berlin. In 1916, he joined the Univ. of Kiel, where he was professor until he retired in 1945.
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 the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering a process for the synthesis of complex organic compounds. The Diels-Alder reaction in its simplest form is the reaction of an alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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 with a diene to form a cyclohexene.

Alder, Kurt

 

Born July 10, 1902; died June 20, 1958. German chemist specializing in organic chemistry.

Alder studied at the universities of Berlin and Kiel and received a doctorate in philosophy in 1926. From 1930 to 1936 he taught chemistry at the University of Kiel, and from 1936 to 1940 he was director of the research department of I. G. Farben Industrie in Leverkusen. From 1940 he was director of the chemistry institute at the University of Cologne. In 1928, Alder and O. Diels discovered and elaborated the principles of diene synthesis; they were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1950. Alder also did research in stereochemistry, polymerization, and other areas.

WORKS

“Diene Synthesis and Related Reaction Types.” Nobel Lectures: Chemistry, 1942–1962. Amsterdam, London, New York, 1964. Page 267.