Leopold, Aldo

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Leopold, Aldo,

1886–1948, American ecologist, b. Burlington, Iowa. He was an advocate for a "land ethic," in which humans see themselves as part of a natural community. After work in the U.S. Forest Service, he taught wildlife management at the Univ. of Wisconsin and helped found the Wilderness Society. In 1924, he succeeded in having the Gila National Forest in N.Mex. designated as the first extensive wilderness area in the United States. He wrote A Sand County Almanac (1949), which helped provide the impetus to the environmental movement.

Bibliography

See studies by C. Meine (1989) and T. Tanner, ed. (1989).

Leopold, (Rand) Aldo

(1887–1948) conservationist, ecologist; born in Burlington, Iowa. He grew up a sportsman and a naturalist, graduated from Yale in 1908, and after a year in Yale's forestry school, joined the U.S. Forest Service. Assigned to the Arizona-New Mexico district, he spent 15 years in the field, rising to chief of the district. By 1921 he had begun to campaign for the preservation of wildlife areas for recreational and aesthetic purposes. (In 1924 the government, adopting his views on preservation, set aside 574,000 acres in New Mexico as the Gila Wilderness Area—the first of 78 such areas totaling 14,000,000 acres.) He was with the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory from 1924–28 and then spent three years surveying game populations in the north-central states. In 1933 he became professor of wildlife management at the University of Wisconsin, a position created specifically for him. Over the years, in addition to his pioneering research in game management, he worked out a philosophical concept he called "the land ethic." The concept, he wrote, "simply enlarges the boundaries of the (human) community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively the land." After retiring from the university he bought a farm in the Wisconsin Dells. There, after several years of intense observation, he expanded his philosophy in a book, A Sand County Almanac (published posthumously in 1949), which became the "bible" of environmental activists of the 1960s and 1970s. He died of a heart attack while fighting a brush fire on a neighbor's farm.
References in periodicals archive ?
In England he is widely called "one of the fathers of modern conservation," a description he shares with America's Aldo Leopold.
easily the best such book of our times, reminiscent in its passion for angling of Roderick Haig-Brown (still the only standard worth considering) and in its brooding regard for nature of Aldo Leopold, James Dickey, and Peter Matthiessen.
Licensed for public performance, Green Fire: Aldo Leopold And A Land Ethic For Our Time is a Regional Emmy Award-winning documentary about the life and accomplishments of conservationist Aldo Leopold, with particular focus on his contributions to the environmental movement.
Although she's not as well known as Aldo Leopold, John Muir, or Edward Abbey, her work served as inspiration for Terry Tempest Williams and Gary Snyder, and she helped bring attention to an often overlooked place.
After School and Summer STEM Labs: Aldo Leopold Charter School, Silver City, NM
In this month's "On the Conservation Front," John Flitchcock, a board member of United Waterfowlers--Florida, reviews the genesis of modern wildlife conservation, focusing on the contributions of late 19th and early 20th century hunter/thinkers such as George Bird Grinnell, Theodore Roosevelt and Aldo Leopold.
It is the common history of America's progress in wilderness preservation--from Aldo Leopold and Bob Marshall to David Brower and Howard Zahniser and now you--that we have expanded the reach of the wilderness concept and of our desire to preserve things our predecessors may not have recognized, or simply did not have time to prioritize.
RAND ALDO LEOPOLD, commonly known by his middle name, Aldo, was born on January 11,1887, in Burlington, Iowa.
His message echoes that of the great Aldo Leopold 70 years ago.
As Aldo Leopold wrote in A Sand County Almanac in 1949, "An understanding of ecology does not necessarily originate in courses bearing ecological labels; it is quite as likely to be labeled geography, botany, agronomy, history or economics .
One of the most compelling aspects of the project is the impressive open space commitment—the permanent conservation of more than 380 acres known as “Leopold's Preserve”—aptly named for the famous conservationist, Aldo Leopold, that will be preserved through a conservation easement as natural open space and open to the public for passive recreation.