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Aldrovandi, Ulisse(o͞olēs`sā äldrōvän`dē), 1522–1605, Italian naturalist, professor at the Univ. of Bologna. He instigated the establishment (1567) of the Bologna Botanical Garden and wrote an early pharmacopoeia. His chief work was the Natural History (14 vol.), of which four volumes (some sources say five) were published before his death; the rest were prepared for publication from his manuscripts.
Born Sept. 11, 1522; died May 10, 1605. Italian naturalist.
Aldrovandi founded a botanical garden and a botanical museum in Bologna. In his works on natural history, among them Ornithology (vols. 1–3, 1599–1603) and On Insects (1602), he described many animals previously unknown, mainly exotic species. He revived interest in Aristotle’s works on biology and contributed to the development of embryology.