Aldus Manutius


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Aldus Manutius

(ăl`dəs mənyo͞o`shəs) or

Aldo Manuzio

(äl`dō mäno͞o`tsyō), 1450–1515, Venetian printer. He was educated as a humanistic scholar and became tutor to several of the great ducal families. One of them, the Pio family, provided him with money to establish a printery in Venice. Aldus was at this time almost 45 years old. He devoted himself to publishing the Greek and Roman classics, in editions noted for their scrupulous accuracy; a five-volume set of the works of Aristotle, completed in 1498, is the most famous of his editions. He was especially interested in producing books of small format for scholars at low cost. To this end he designed and cut the first complete font of the Greek alphabet, adding a series of ligatures or tied letters, similar to the conventional signs used by scribes, which represented two to five letters in the width of one character. To save space in Latin texts he had a type designed after the Italian cursive script; it is said to be the script of Petrarch. This was the first italic type used in books (1501). Books produced by him are called Aldine and bear his mark, which was a dolphin and an anchor. Aldus employed competent scholars as editors, compositors, and proofreaders to insure accuracy in his books. Much of his type was designed by Francesco Griffi, called Francesco da Bologna. The Aldine Press was later managed by other members of his family, including a son, Paulus Manutius (1512–74), and a grandson, Aldus Manutius (1547–97), who was best known for his classical scholarship.

Manutius, Aldus:

see Aldus ManutiusAldus Manutius
or Aldo Manuzio
, 1450–1515, Venetian printer. He was educated as a humanistic scholar and became tutor to several of the great ducal families. One of them, the Pio family, provided him with money to establish a printery in Venice.
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Manutius, Aldus

 

(Aldo Manuzio, Aldo Manucci). Born circa 1450 in Bassiano, near Rome; died Feb. 6, 1515, in Venice. Italian publisher and typographer. Renaissance scholar and humanist.

Aldus Manutius was the founder of the Aldine Press, which continued to operate for almost 100 years. Settling in Venice circa 1490, Manutius gathered around him Greek language experts to prepare editions of classical Greek authors. His largest edition consisted of the works of Aristotle in five volumes (1495-98), followed by the works of Aristophanes, Thucydides, Sophocles, Herodotus, Xenophon, Euripides, Demosthenes, Plutarch, and Plato, as well as editions of the letters of Greek philosophers and orators.

In 1499, Manutius published the War of Sleep and Love (Hypnerotomachia Poliphili) a work attributed to his contemporary Francesco Colonna. This edition is a masterpiece of printer’s art; the numerous woodcuts and beautiful type (antique) form a harmonious whole. From 1501, Manutius published collections of Roman classics in octavo form and for the first time printed in italics, a clear and capacious type that imitated the lettering of the documents issued by the papal office. Among the editions of Manutius were also the works of his contemporaries, such as Erasmus of Rotterdam. Manutius’ publications—the Aldines—were imitated and forged; to guard against this Manutius stamped his books with the firm’s hallmark, a dolphin entwined about an anchor.

In 1500, Manutius founded the New Academy (modeled after Plato’s Academy), whose members helped to collect and study the manuscripts of ancient authors and carefully prepared the texts of works to be printed. Manutius’ press was continued by his father-in-law, Andreas Torresanus, his son Paulus Manutius (1512-74), and his grandson Aldus Manutius, Junior (1547-97). Aldine editions are kept in the world’s largest libraries and in bibliophilic collections.

REFERENCES

Katsprzhak, E. I. htoriia knigi Moscow, 1964.
Flocon, A. L’Univers des livres. Paris, 1961.
Kirchner, J. Lexikon des Buchwesens, vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1953.
Renouard, A. A. Annales de l’imprimerie des Aides, 3rd ed. Paris, 1834.
Seritti sopra Aldo Manuzio. Florence, 1955.

A. I. MARKUSHEVICH

Aldus Manutius

1450--1515, Italian printer, noted for his fine editions of the classics. He introduced italic type
References in periodicals archive ?
In Aldus Manutius and Renaissance culture: Essays in memory of Franklin D.
Aldus Manutius, a Venetian, came along 50 years later.
Crousaz begins with a brief survey of Erasmus's contacts with the main printers with whom he worked: Josse Bade in Paris, Aldus Manutius in Venice, Dirk Martens in Louvain, and, above all, Johann Froben and his successors in Basel.
The book has been published exactly 500 years after this famous Renaissance text was first printed in 1499 by Aldus Manutius in Italy.
In his forgeries everyone from Judas Iscariot to Aldus Manutius, from Aristotle to Robert Boyle, and from Saint Augustine to Machiavelli speaks French, and the charm of hearing Sappho address her lover as "tres chere amie" was surely outweighed by the inanity.
Pietro there, thus beginning a much-traveled humanist career (Venice, Padua, Florence, Greece, Asia Minot, Messina, Constantinople, and Rome), in the course of which he learned Greek and developed close contacts with the Medici, Aldus Manutius, and other important humanists or patrons.
Although we tend to associate early books in Greek with Aldus Manutius and the 1490s, the first book printed entirely in Greek appeared as early as 1476, and more than a decade before that, Sweinheim and Pannartz printed passages in Greek in their 1465 editio of Lactantius, issued in Subiaco before they moved to Rome.
The didactic-linguistic intent prevails in the first Greek-Latin edition of the Tabula, published between 1501 and 1502 by Aldus Manutius.
Within ten years, Torresani would make the acquaintance of our newcomer to this world, Aldus Manutius.
Here Aldus Manutius and others showed great interest in recovering and publishing the works of such early Christian writers as Prudentius, Sedulius, Juvencus, and Lactantius, and Mantuan's own religious poetry both stimulated interest and encouraged further responses to it.
22) Pozzi further suggested that the author knew Aldus Manutius and helped to supervise preparation of the printed version.
First, Mariano Tucci's reference, in an afterward, to the 1510 Giuntine edition as "hoc secundo Maronis enchiridio" (this second hand-held book of Maro) cannot be interpreted as confirmation of the existence of an e arlier edition edited by Riccardini because enchiridion, the word used by Aldus Manutius to describe his octavo-sized Vergil of 1501, indicates format and cannot be assumed to be a synonym for the terms commonly used for edition, editio or impressio; the 1504 Giunta anthology of bucolic poetry, an octavo-sized enchiridion also edited by Riccardini, although it contained the Bucolics alone of Vergil's works, may well have been what Tucci had in mind as the predecessor of Riccardini's 1510 Giunta Vergil.