Alec Douglas-Home


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Douglas-Home, Alec

 

Born July 2, 1903, in London. British statesman. Descended from an aristocratic Scottish family.

Douglas-Home received his education at Eton and Oxford. In 1931 he was elected to the House of Commons as a member of the Conservative Party. From 1937 to 1939 he served as parliamentary private secretary to Prime Minister N. Chamberlain. In 1938 he took part in the Conference of Munich, which concluded with the signing of the Munich Pact of 1938, after which he accompanied Chamberlain on a trip to Rome for negotiations with Mussolini. In 1951, after inheriting the title of earl of Home, he entered the House of Lords.

Douglas-Home held a number of important ministerial posts in the governments of Churchill and Macmillan. From 1955 to 1960 he was commonwealth relations secretary, and from 1960 to 1963, foreign secretary. From 1957 to 1960 he was also the leader of the House of Lords. From 1963 to 1965, Douglas-Home was the leader of the Conservative Party, and in 1963-64 he was prime minister. Upon accepting the latter post, he renounced his title of lord and was elected again to the House of Commons. From 1970 to 1974 he was foreign secretary and commonwealth relations secretary in the government of E. Heath.

References in periodicals archive ?
They will include the British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home and George Brown.
The most aristocratic Tory leader since Alec Douglas-Home, four decades ago, recognises extreme privilege is an electoral handicap.
In 1963, Elizabeth found herself in the middle of a political scandal when she appointed hereditary peer Sir Alec Douglas-Home as Conservative Prime Minister.
Lady Thatcher also spoke to the Queen about portraits displayed nearby of fellow former Tory prime ministers Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Harold Macmillan.
Alec Douglas-Home (Lord Home of the Hirsel) showed himself to be in the same tradition when he made his famous Perth Declaration on Scottish home rule.
The party's poshest leader since Alec Douglas-Home 43 years ago has succeeded Grantham grocer's daughter Mad Maggie, and John Major whose dad sold garden gnomes.
In a cable to Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Wilson said the lady was "cheated of her prey by reason of him (Britten) and Peter Pears staying with me at the Embassy".
Heath was different from all the Tory leaders who went before him, particularly his immediate predecessor Alec Douglas-Home, who gave up his peerage and became a common-as-muck knight to get the job.
Sir Alec Douglas-Home said, 'He was one of the great soldiers of our time.
The first was Sir Winston Churchill (1951-55), Sir Anthony Eden (1955-57), Harold Macmillan (1957-63), Sir Alec Douglas-Home (1963-64).
He was replaced by Earl Home, who renounced his peerage to become Sir Alec Douglas-Home in order to take up office.
Sir Alec Douglas-Home also made it to 92 and Winston Churchill lived to be 90.