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Aleixandre, Vicente(vēthĕn`tā älāhän`drā), 1898–1984, Spanish lyric poet. He won the national prize for literature for La destrucción o el amor (1935, tr. 1976) and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1976. His earlier verse, often free in form, is pessimistic and surrealistic. His later verse is marked by realism and then by an increasingly philosophical and meditative tone. Aleixandre's works are collected in Obras completas (1977).
See selected poems tr. by W. Barnstone and D. Garrison (1978) and ed. by L. Hyde (1979); study ed. by S. Daydí-Tolson (1981).
Born Apr. 26, 1898, in Seville. Spanish poet.
Aleixandre was strongly influenced by surrealism in his early works. During the national revolutionary war of the Spanish people (1936–39), he published antifascist poems. His books of poems— The Shadow of Paradise (1944), The Last Birth (1953), and Story of the Heart (1954)—are philosophical and lyrical expressions of general human sentiments, nature, and man, in which man is considered part of nature. His memoirs, Encounters (1958), present portraits of contemporary writers. Along with other figures of Spanish culture, he has protested against the terror and censorship of the Franco regime.
WORKSPoesías completas. Introduction by C. Bousoño. Madrid, 1960.
REFERENCESBousoño, C. La poesía de Vicente Aleixandre, 2nd ed. Madrid, 1956.
Celaya, G. Cantata en Aleixandre. Madrid, 1959.
Z. I. PLAVSKIN