Berezniak, Aleksandr Iakovlevich
Born Dec. 16 (29), 1912, in the village of Boiarkino, in what is now Ozery Raion, Moscow Oblast; died July 7, 1974, in Dubna, Moscow Oblast. Soviet aircraft designer. Doctor of technical sciences (1968). Honored Worker in Science and Technology (1973). Member of the CPSU from 1932.
Berezniak began working in the aviation industry in 1931. After graduating from the S. Ordzhonikidze Moscow Institute of Aviation in 1938, he took a position at the experimental design office of V. F. Bolkhovitinov. There, in 1942, he and A. M. Isaev designed the BI-1, the first Soviet airplane with a jet engine operating on liquid propellant. Berezniak was named chief designer in 1957 and subsequently supervised the development of a number of prototypes of aircraft equipment.
Berezniak received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR and was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.