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Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Born Feb. 4 (16), 1874, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 4, 1928, in Chicago. Russian histologist.
Maksimov graduated from the Military Medical Academy in St. Petersburg in 1896. He was a professor there from 1903 to 1922. Beginning in 1922 he lived and worked in Chicago. In a monograph on artificially induced aseptic inflammation (1902), Maksimov described the cellular forms of connective tissue, showed their role in inflammation, and indicated the sources and role of free macrophages, which he called polyblasts. In a number of other works he described hematopoiesis in amphibians and the development of blood elements in mammalian and shark embryos. Maksimov developed a theory of blood histogenesis, studied the structure of the placenta, and improved a method of tissue culture.