Pistol’kors, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Born Sept. 28 (Oct. 10), 1896, in Moscow. Soviet radio engineer specializing in antenna technology. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946); Honored Inventor of the RSFSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1967.
Pistol’kors graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School in 1927. From 1926 to 1928 he worked at the Nizhny Novgorod Radio Laboratory. Beginning in 1929 he worked at the Central Radio Laboratory and in other research institutes in Leningrad. At the same time, he taught in various higher educational institutions in Leningrad. He became a professor in 1937. In 1945 he began working at a research institute.
Pistol’kors has proposed and developed a number of basic methods in the theory of antennas, such as the method of induced emf’s for calculating the radiation resistance of short-wave antennas, the duality principle, and an efficient method of designing antennas on the basis of given radiation patterns and other data. He has developed and directed the development of a number of new types of antennas, which have been successfully introduced into practice. He has also worked in other areas of radio engineering, notably proposing a method of phase telegraphy. Pistol’kors has been awarded the A. S. Popov Gold Medal (1956), the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and several medals.