Aleksandr Shapovalov

Shapovalov, Aleksandr Sidorovich

 

Born Aug. 28 (Sept. 9), 1871, in the village of Chernaia Sloboda, Poltava Province; died Apr. 30,1942. Participant in the Russian revolutionary movement. Member of the Communist Party from 1895.

The son of a peasant, Shapovalov became a worker in 1886. In 1894 he joined the Gruppa Narodovol’tsev (a group that supported the People’s Will), and in 1895 he became a member of the St. Petersburg League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. He was arrested in 1896 and exiled to Eastern Siberia. In 1899, Shapovalov was one of 17 exiles who endorsed Lenin’s attack on economism “A Protest by Russian Social Democrats.” Beginning in 1901, Shapovalov carried out party work in Batumi, Kiev, Tver’ (now Kalinin), Ekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk), and Odessa. He took part in the Revolution of 1905–07 in Kharkov.

Between 1906 and 1917, Shapovalov lived abroad and carried out work for various Bolshevik organizations. He returned to Russia in June 1917. After the October Revolution he engaged in soviet and party work in Moscow. In 1924 and 1925 he was a member of the Central Control Commission of the RCP(B). Shapovalov became a personal pensioner in 1928.

WORKS

Naputi k marksizmu. Moscow, 1926.
V podpol’e, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
V bor’be za solsializm [2nd ed.]. Moscow, 1957.
“Vladimir Il’ich v ssylke v Sibiri.” In Ob Il’iche: Vospominaniia pitertsev. [Leningrad, 1970.]

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. (See Index Volume, part 2, p. 485.)
Prokhvatilov, Iu. A. A. S. Shapovalov [1871–1942]. Leningrad, 1965.
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