Sheindlin, Aleksandr Efimovich
Born Aug. 22 (Sept. 4), 1916, in Kuibyshev. Soviet specialist in heat physics and power engineering. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1974; corresponding member, 1964). Member of the CPSU from 1945.
After graduating from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute in 1937, Sheindlin first worked as an engineer in a factory and then as an assistant at the institute. From 1941 to 1945 he was in the Red Army. From 1945 to 1967 he worked at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute, where he received the doctor of technical sciences degree in 1954 and became a professor in 1955. He became head of a laboratory at the Institute of High Temperatures of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1960 and the institute’s director in 1961. Since 1967 he has also been head of a subdepartment at the Moscow Physicotechnical Institute.
Of great importance have been Sheindlin’s experimental and theoretical studies of the thermodynamic properties of water vapor at supercritical parameters. Sheindlin directed the construction and successful operation of the world’s first experimental model magnetohydrodynamic installation (U-02, 1964) for the direct conversion of heat energy into electricity and the first such industrial pilot installation (U-25, 1971).
Sheindlin received the Lenin Prize in 1959, the State Prize of the USSR in 1976, and the Polzunov Prize in 1963. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.
WORKSIssledovaniia termodinamicheskikh svoistv veshchestv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963. (With V. A. Kirillin.)
Tekhnicheskaia termodinamika, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1974. (With V. A. Kirillin and V. V. Sychev.)
“Issledovanie MGD-ustanovki U-02 pri ee rabote v dlitel’nykh rezhimakh.” Teplofizika vysokikh temperatur, 1971, vol. 9, no. 5. (With others.)
“Nekotorye itogi issledovaniia energeticheskoi MGD Ustanovki U-25.” Teplofizika vysokikh temperatur, 1974, vol. 12, no. 2.