Tudorovskii, Aleksandr Ilarionovich
Born Aug. 12 (24), 1875, in the village of Glukhovo, in what is now Chernigov Oblast; died Sept. 25, 1963, in Leningrad. Soviet physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1933).
Tudorovskii graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1897. He taught at the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute from 1902 to 1919 and at the University of Petrograd (Leningrad) from 1919 to 1929. He became the head of the first computational bureau in Russia for the calculation of optical systems in 1916 and joined the staff of the State Optics Institute in 1918.
Tudorovskii’s main works dealt with geometrical optics, optical technology, and the study of electromagnetic phenomena. He investigated the possibility of applying vector methods to the calculation of mirror and prism systems and considered various aspects of third-order aberration theory. Tudorovskii and his co-workers helped calculate and develop designs for new types of photographic objectives; for this work he received the State Prize of the USSR in 1942 and 1946. Tudorovskii was awarded three Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.
WORKSElektrichestvo i magnetizm, parts 1–2. Leningrad-Moscow, 1933–1935.
Teoriia opticheskikh priborov, 2nd ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–52.