Kivshenko, Aleksei Danilovich
Born Mar. 10 (22), 1851, in Venev District, Tula Province; died Oct. 2, 1895, in Heidelberg, Germany. Russian painter, affiliated with the Peredvizhniki (the “Wanderers,” a progressive art movement).
From 1867 to 1877, Kivshenko studied under I. N. Kramskoi at the School of Drawing of the Society for the Promotion of the Arts and at the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. From 1883 to 1889 he taught at the Stiglits School of Technical Drawing in St. Petersburg. In 1893, Kivshenko became a member of the academy and the head professor of its battle-painting workshop. Among his works is the historical painting War Council in Fili (1880, Russian Museum, Leningrad; copy, 1882, Tret’iakov Gallery), which portrays one of the most important episodes of the Patriotic War of 1812. Kivshenko also did a series of battle paintings devoted to the Russo-Turkish War of 1886–95.