Aleksis Kivi


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Aleksis Kivi
Birthday
BirthplaceNurmijärvi, Finland
Died

Kivi, Aleksis

 

(pseudonym; real surname, Stenvall). Born Oct. 10, 1834, in Nurmijärvi; died Dec. 31, 1872, in Tuusula. Finnish author.

The son of a village tailor, Kivi studied at the University of Helsinki. His first work, a romantic tragedy entitled Kullervo (1860; published in revised form in 1864), is about a rebel slave, one of the heroes of the national epic Kalevala. Kivi’s comedies The Nummi Shoemakers (1864; Russian translation, 1957, as Cobblers of the Heath) and The Betrothal (1866; Russian translation, 1960), and especially his novel Seven Brothers (1870; Russian translation, 1935), show features of realism. Seven Brothers depicts the Finnish countryside at the time of the coming of capitalism. Kivi also wrote romantic tragedies based on life in the middle and upper circles of Finnish society, such as The Fugitives (1867), Canzio (1868; staged in 1872), and the plays Lea (1869) and Leo and Liina (1877–78), which contain a measure of abstract religion and didacticism. Kivi is the author of a poetry collection entitled Kanervala (1866), which includes both lyrical romantic verse and verses of everyday life.

WORKS

Kootut teokset, vols. 1–4. Helsinki, 1915–19.

REFERENCES

[Tvorchestvo A. Kivi.] In the book Finliandskaia literatura i Rossiia, 1850–1900, by. E. G. Karkhu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 85–122.
Viljanen, L. Aleksis Kiven runomaailma. Porvoo, 1953.
Kinnunen, A. Aleksis Kiven näytelmät. Porvoo-Helsinki [1967]. (Bibliography, pp. 309–15.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: The renovation, heka alppiharju aleksis kivi street 40.
For various reasons he avoided setting the texts of contemporary Finnish poets such as Aleksis Kivi, Eino Leino and V.
Notre choix s'est porte sur deux grands ecrivains : Aleksis Kivi, pere de la litterature finnoise a la fin du XIXe siecle en Finlande--dont on connait surtout en traduction le roman Les sept fr^eres (Seitseman veljesta, 1870), et Eugene Ionesco, chef de file du Theatre de l'Absurde, ecole artistique dominante dans la 2e moitie du XXe siecle en France.
His literary essays in Onni tieto tuska (1990) -- on poems by Aleksis Kivi and Aaro Hellaakoski, novels by Jukka Larsson and Sakari Issakainen, nouvelles by de Maupassant, and tales by Blixen
Indeed, the critical guillotine killed and buried the national author, Aleksis Kivi, in the nineteenth century, before Finnish independence.
The character of Kullervo, the "loser" in the Kalevala epic, has fascinated Finnish writers since the days of Aleksis Kivi, most recently drawing the attention of opera composer Aulis Sailinen.
Twice before she had felt a clear affinity with an artist and his birthplace: with the Finnish novelists Aleksis Kivi and Joel Lehtonen, but never so clearly as with Giotto.