Aleksy II

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Aleksy II:

see Alexy IIAlexy II
or Aleksy II
, 1929–2008, 15th patriarch of Moscow and all Russia (1990–2008), b. Estonia, as Aleksey Mikhailovich Ridiger. He spent 11 years as a Russian Orthodox parish priest before becoming bishop of Tallinn and Estonia in 1961.
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While the communist regime in Estonia was crumbling, in Russia the patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, Aleksy II, stopped the communist coup that was moving against communist Boris Yeltsin with the threat that he would excommunicate any soldier who committed murder during the attempted coup.
Throughout their analyses, the Garrards point emphatically to the political and theological savvy of Aleksy II as the indispensable element in the revival of the church since 1991, and, indeed, the late patriarch was a fearless and foxy leader advancing church interests.
Numerous petitioners, from members of the Russian Academy of Sciences to Patriarch Aleksy II of Moscow and All Russia, head of the Russian Orthodox Church, have asked Putin to reestablish an independent environmental agency.
Past recipients of Appeal of Conscience Foundation Awards include Patriarch Aleksy II of Russia, Barbara Bush, Malcolm Forbes, Margaret Thatcher, H.