Alemanni


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Alemanni

(ălĭmăn`ī), Germanic tribe, a splinter group of the Suebi (see GermansGermans,
great ethnic complex of ancient Europe, a basic stock in the composition of the modern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, N Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, N and central France, Lowland Scotland, and England.
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). The Alemanni may have been a confederation of smaller tribes. First mentioned (A.D. 213) as unsuccessfully assaulting the Romans between the Elbe and the Danube, they later settled (3d cent.) in upper Italy. By the 5th cent. they occupied territories on both sides of the Rhine south of its junction with the Main (present Alsace, Baden, and NE Switzerland). Their westward expansion brought them into conflict with the Franks, whose king Clovis IClovis I
, c.466–511, Frankish king (481–511), son of Childeric I and founder of the Merovingian monarchy. Originally little more than a tribal chieftain, he became sole leader of the Salian Franks by force of perseverance and by murdering a number of relatives.
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 defeated them in 496. In 505 he forced them to retire into Rhaetia, and in 536 they passed under Frankish rule. By the 7th cent. they had accepted Christianity. SwabiaSwabia
, Ger. Schwaben, historic region, mainly in S Baden-Württemberg and SW Bavaria, SW Germany. It is bounded in the east by Upper Bavaria, in the west by France, and in the south by Switzerland and Austria. It includes the former Prussian province of Hohenzollern.
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 is also known as Alamannia, and the High German dialects of SW Germany and Switzerland are called Alemannic. In French speech the name Allemands came to signify all Germans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charlemagne, ruler of the Franks (771-814), brought together under one ruler many diverse people in Europe: the Franks, Lombards, Thuringians, and Alemanni among others.
AD 351-352, takes into account both the new internal evidence and the hypothesis that the whole region was devastated in that year by the Alemanni, at the behest of Constantius II.
Dictionaries translate "Germane" with "Teuton", though actually the Teutons were just one Germanic tribe among others, such as the Suevians, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Vandals and Alemanni (the ancestors of today's German Swiss).
When the Roman Empire fell, Bavaria was divided into three sections: the north occupied by the Franks, the west by the Alemanni, and the south and east by the Baiuvarii, the tribe that eventually gave the territory its name.
L'amore si tardo degli antichi Alemanni per le femmine era senza dubbio effetto della stessa cagione" (20).
Alemanni was particularly impressed with the way Ocalans "deal with water," specifically their awareness of the need to manage and conserve it.