Aleviz Friazin

Aleviz Friazin

 

(Aleviz Novyi, Aloisio). An architect of the late 15th and early 16th centuries; of Italian descent.

In 1503–04, Aleviz Friazin worked in Bakhchisarai (Crimea), where he built a palace for Khan Mengli-Girei (a carved stone portal of the building has been preserved). In 1504 he came to Moscow at the invitation of Ivan III and, according to the chronicles, built 11 churches (none of which have survived) and the Arkhangel’skii Cathedral in the Kremlin (1505–08), which has decorative features characteristic of early Italian Renaissance architecture.

REFERENCE

Vlasiuk, A. I. “O rabote zodchego Aleviza Novogo ν Bakh-chisarae i ν Moskovskom Kremle.” In the collection Arkhitekturnoe nasledstvo, [issue] 10. Moscow, 1958.

Aleviz Friazin

 

(Aleviz Milanets, Aloisio da Milano). Architect; birth and death dates unknown.

Of Italian descent, Aleviz Friazin came to Moscow in 1494 at the invitation of Ivan III. His works include the stone chambers in the Kremlin (1499–1508, which later became part of the Teremny Palace); the moat along the Kremlin walls facing Red Square (1508–16, leveled in the 19th century); and a dam on the Neglinnaia River (1508). He participated in the construction of the towered Kremlin wall bordering the Neglinnaia River (1495).

REFERENCE

Snegirev, V. L. Moskovskoe zodchestvo: Ocherki . . . XIV-XIX vv. [Moscow], 1948.