Alexander Alekhine


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Alekhine, Alexander

(əlyĕkh`ēn), 1892–1946, Russian-French chess player, b. Moscow. He became a naturalized French citizen after the Russian Revolution. At the age of 16 he gained the rank of master and in 1927, by a surprising defeat of CapablancaCapablanca, José Raúl
, 1888–1942, Cuban chess player, b. Havana. Champion of Cuba at the age of 12, he won the world's championship from Emanuel Lasker in 1921, retaining the title until he was defeated by Alexander Alekhine in 1927.
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 at Buenos Aires, became world champion. In 1930 at San Remo, Italy, he did not lose a single game in a tournament that included all of the major European players. In 1935 he lost the championship to Max Euwe but regained it in 1937 and kept it until his death. His clear and realistic style and the brilliance of his middle-game and end-game combinations are found in his book, My Best Games of Chess, 1924–1937 (1939).

Bibliography

See study by R. G. Eales and A. H. Williams (1973).

Alekhine, Alexander

 

Born Oct. 20 (Nov. 1), 1892, in Moscow; died March 24, 1946, near Lisbon; buried in Paris. Russian chess player, world champion from 1927 (after defeating J. R. Capablanca) to 1935 and from 1937 (after defeating M. Euwe, who took the championship from him temporarily) to 1946. Emigrated to France in 1921.

Alekhine was a representative of the Russian chess school of A. D. Petrov and M. I. Chigorin. He was a brilliant master of combination play and was the world’s champion in blindfold chess. His chess moves are thoroughly studied not only by Soviet chess players but by chess players all over the world.

WORKS

Moi luchshie partii. Translated, edited, and with a foreword by N. I. Grekov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1927.
Mezhdunarodnyi shakhmatnyi turnir ν N’iu-Iorke, 1927. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930. A collection of all championship games. (Translated from German.)
Na putiakh k vysshim shakhmatnym dostizheniiam (1924–27). Moscow, 1932. (Translation.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alexander Alekhine, though he took French citizenship, was a Russian emigre.
Capablanca lost his title to Alexander Alekhine, and despite coming out of retirement in 1934 in a bid to reclaim it, never won the honour again.
Then come the four great world champions, Wilhelm Steinitz, Emanuel Lasker, Jose Capablanca and Alexander Alekhine.