Alexander Archipenko


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Archipenko, Alexander

(ärkhĭpĕn`kō), 1887–1964, Ukrainian-American sculptor, b. Kiev. He moved to Moscow in 1906 and to Paris in 1908. There he began to adapt cubist technique to sculpture. In 1910 he opened his own art school in Paris, later moved (1921) to Berlin and established a school, and, finally, emigrated (1923) to New York City, where he also founded a school. In 1912, Archipenko introduced sculpto-painting, an attempt to unite form and color via mixed media. However, his major contribution to 20th-century sculpture was his realization of negative form. Archipenko recognized the aesthetic value of the void—the hollowed-out shape or perforation as a complement to the bulging mass—as exemplified by his Madonna in marble and the bronze Woman Combing Her Hair (1915, Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Archipenko also worked in carved plastic lighted from within. His nearly abstract figures gained him international renown; among them are Torso in Space (Whitney Mus., New York City), Walking Girl (Honolulu Mus.), and White Torso (examples in the Chicago Arts Club and in the Fine Art Association, Phoenix, Arizona). Archipenko was also an engineer, ceramist, and teacher.

Bibliography

See his Archipenko: Fifty Creative Years: 1908–1958 (1960); D. H. Karshan, Archipenko: Schlpture, Drawings and Prints, 1908–1963 (1985); K. J. Michaelsen and N. Guralnik, Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute (1986).

Archipenko, Alexander

(1887–1964) sculptor; born in Kiev, Russia. He studied at the Kiev School of Art (1902–05), in Paris (1908–21), and settled in New York City (1923). He taught at many institutions, including Moholy-Nagy's New Bauhaus School, Chicago (1937–39), and became famous for his combinations of sculpture and painting, as in Medrano II (1914).
References in periodicals archive ?
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Keith Hating (May 4, 1958), Jasper Johns (May 5, 1930), Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904), Georges Braque (May 13, 1882), Mary Cassatt (May 22, 1844) and Alexander Archipenko (May 30, 1887).
In addition, the Lazarof gift includes seven bronzes and one painting by Alberto Giacometti; 21 watercolors and paintings by Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky; as well as works by Alexander Archipenko, Constantin Brancusi, Georges Braque, Edgar Degas, Lyonel Feininger, Fernand Leger, Henry Moore and Camille Pissarro.
Opening May 13 to run through July 23: Archipenko 2D/3D: Prints and Sculpture, presenting 12 sculptures and 25 prints by Alexander Archipenko.
Highlights of the auction include important works by Rudolf von Alt, Ludwig Knaus, Augustin-Christian Ritt, Ferdinand Bellerman, Abraham Brueghel and Guglielmo Cortese, Alexander Archipenko and others.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Salvador Dali, Alexander Archipenko and Yaacov Agam.