Alexander Bain


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Bain, Alexander

 

Born 1818, in Aberdeen; died there Sept. 18, 1903. British philosopher, psychologist, and educator. Professor of logic and English (1860-80) and later rector of the University of Aberdeen. Founder of the journal Mind (1876).

Bain was one of the most important representatives of associationism in 19th-century psychology. While considering phenomena of consciousness to be subordinate to purely psychological laws of association, Bain nevertheless attempted to link them with bodily processes. Thus he studied reflexes, habits, instincts, and motor activity of organisms. New forms of the last category, according to Bain, come into being as the result of the selection of useful movements based on the mechanism of trial and error. The doctrine concerning this mechanism subsequently acquired an enormous popularity in psychological investigations of behavior. Although he defended the indivisibility of the psychological and the physiological, Bain nevertheless denied the causal connection between them, and he continued to maintain the position of psychological parallelism. Bain’s works, especially The Senses and the Intellect (1855) and The Emotions and the Will (1859), played an important role in drawing the attention of psychologists to the experimental study of psychic processes. They also prepared the way for the transformation of psychology into an independent experimental science.

WORKS

Mental and Moral Science. London, 1868.
Logic, parts 1-2. London, 1870.
Mind and Body. London, 1873.

REFERENCES

Iaroshevskii, M. G. Istoriia psikhologii. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 9. Brett, G. S. History of Psychology. London, 1953.

M. G. IAROSHEVSKII

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Summary: Scottish inventor Alexander Bain was able to first reproduce graphics using a fax-like technique back in 1846.
Scottish inventor Alexander Bain, a farmhand's son from Caithness, and maker of clocks and instruments, came up with the world's first fax machine - short for facsimile - in 1846.
Peacefully at home on 17th March 2015, aged 89 years, surrounded by his family, Alexander Bain (Alex), beloved husband of the late Violet, dear father of Joyce and her partner Paul, grandad of Kevin, treasured uncle to all the family.
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Contractor address : Alexander Bain House, 15 York Street
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Property agents GVA James Barr's survey said the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority's take up of 30,000 sq ft at Alexander Bain House in Glasgow was the largest office deal for the city in the first quarter.
Alexander Bain created the first patented facsimile where the images from a flat metal surface are scanned by a stylus then transmitting it to another fax machine.
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Her screen stepson Simon, played by Alexander Bain, won the Best Young Performance award at the ceremony, which took place at Manchester's Granada Studios.
Two papers in particular, Ferrier's Proposition One and Ye Machine, were motivated by the associationist psychology of John Stuart Mill and Alexander Bain whose searching explorations of the human mind had inspired Marshall to embark upon his own quest to unravel the undulations of the human cognitive experience.