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an architectural memorial in Leningrad; the compositional center of Palace Square.
The monumental Alexander Column, done in the Empire style, was erected from 1830 to 1834 according to the plans of the architect A. A. Montferrand. It commemorated the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. The monolithic pillar (weighing approximately 500 tons) is dark-red granite and crowned with the bronze figure of an angel by the sculptor B. I. Orlovskii. The pedestal is carved with bronze allegorical reliefs by the sculptors P. V. Sint-sov and I. Leppe, based on sketches by J. B. Scotti. The column’s total height is 47.5 meters.