Henderson, Alexander

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Henderson, Alexander,

1583–1646, Scottish churchman often regarded as the greatest figure in the Church of Scotland after John KnoxKnox, John,
1514?–1572, Scottish religious reformer, founder of Scottish Presbyterianism. Early Career as a Reformer

Little is recorded of his life before 1545. He probably attended St. Andrews Univ.
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. Henderson became a leading opponent of prelacy and of English domination of the church. In 1638, after the signing of the National Covenant (see CovenantersCovenanters
, in Scottish history, groups of Presbyterians bound by oath to sustain each other in the defense of their religion. The first formal Covenant was signed in 1557, signaling the beginning of the Protestant effort to seize power in Scotland.
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), he was elected moderator of the general assembly at Glasgow, which deposed the bishops and set up PresbyterianismPresbyterianism,
form of Christian church organization based on administration by a hierarchy of courts composed of clerical and lay presbyters. Holding a position between episcopacy (government by bishops) and Congregationalism (government by local congregation),
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 in spite of royal threats. Henderson met King Charles I to settle the problem and was favorably received. In 1640, he was elected rector of the Univ. of Edinburgh. In 1641 and 1643, he was moderator of the general assembly and presented (1643) a draft of the Solemn League and Covenant. He sat thereafter (1643–46) in the Westminster Assembly. In 1646, he again met Charles for a conference on church government during the course of the king's alliance with the Scottish army. Henderson wrote many speeches and sermons.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. P. Thomson (1912) and R. L. Orr (1919).

References in periodicals archive ?
That booK, The Irish Orphan, was given first prize in the Australian Institute of Genealogical Studies' Alexander Henderson Awards in 2001.
Gary Snaith, 40, from Middlesbrough, has joined the group's latest Kia dealership on Concorde Way in Stockton, as sales controller/business manager and Alexander Henderson, 21, from Wynyard in Billingham, has been recruited as a sales executive.
INNOVATIVE Alexander Henderson in his suit of armour - a symbolic protection from being homeless and on the streets
Lucero Gabriel, Hannah Galka, Jose Juan Gallegos, Nicholas Gates, Hunter Goguen, Edith Gomez, Marissa Goodman, Avante Grady, Kyle Grimes, Kaylen Groberg, Vanyel Hammons-Nettles, Joshua Han, Justin Harper, Stephen Harris, Tyler Harris, Branden Hatcher, Brianna Hawkins, Alisha Hearty, Nicholas Heaton, Kiara Hebard, Alexander Henderson, Emerald Henderson, Zachary Henry, Jason Hernandez, Peter Hernandez-Estrada, Brendan Hoffay, Travis Hogan, Nicole Hsieh, Isael Huesca, Nicola Hyland,
Alexander Henderson, 39, and his henchman Douglas Marnoch, 30, were found guilty of extorting pounds 35,000 from the father of drug pusher Anton Pell.
Merchants Robert Allmey, Richard Bradley, Charles Brockhill, Charles Harris, Alexander Henderson and Christopher Lee founded the club in October 1901.
100 YEARS AGO: The battle is over, the victory won, and Mr Alexander Henderson is the Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament for the Western Division of Staffordshire.
Alexander Henderson (Photography and Electronic Imaging), Mark Melcher, Barbara Dreyfuss, Charles Gabriel, Susan Lynner (Washington Research), John McMillin (Food) and Claudia Mott (Small Companies).