Alexander Mackenzie


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Alexander Mackenzie: Sir Alexander Mackenzie

Mackenzie, Alexander,

1822–92, Canadian political leader, b. Scotland. Emigrating (1842) to Canada, he worked first as a stonemason in Kingston, Ont., and then as a builder and contractor in Sarnia. In Lambton he became editor (1852) of a Liberal newspaper. Elected (1861) to the Canadian Legislative Assembly, Mackenzie supported the confederation movement and the Liberal leader, George BrownBrown, George,
1818–80, Canadian statesman and journalist, b. Scotland. In 1837 he emigrated to the United States, but after five years in New York City, he settled in Toronto, Ont.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A member of the first dominion House of Commons (1867), Mackenzie headed the Liberal opposition to Sir John A. MacdonaldMacdonald, Sir John Alexander,
1815–91, Canadian statesman, first prime minister of the Dominion of Canada, b. Glasgow. His parents settled in 1820 in Kingston, Ont. Macdonald first practiced law.
..... Click the link for more information.
's government; upon its fall (1873) as a result of the Pacific scandalPacific scandal,
1873, a major event in Canadian political history. Charges were made in Parliament that the Conservative administration of Sir John A. Macdonald had accepted campaign funds from Sir Hugh Allan in return for a promise to award Allan's syndicate the contract to
..... Click the link for more information.
 he became the first Liberal prime minister of the dominion. In 1878, Macdonald came back into power, and Mackenzie, who remained in Parliament until his death, led the Liberal opposition until 1880. During his ministry the courts and provincial governments were strengthened, trade expanded, and immigration, especially to the western provinces, was encouraged.

Bibliography

See his life and times by W. Buckingham and G. W. Ross (1892, repr. 1969).

Mackenzie, Alexander

 

Born 1764, in Stornoway, Lewis Island, Scotland; died Mar. 12, 1820, near Dunkeld, Scotland. Scotch merchant and traveler; agent for the North West Company, a Canadian fur-trading company.

In 1788, Mackenzie established a trading post on Lake Athabasca. In 1789 he went down the Slave River, explored Great Slave Lake, and discovered the Mackenzie River (from the source to the delta), the Mackenzie Mountains, and the Franklin Mountains. In 1792 and 1793 he traversed North America from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to Queen Charlotte Sound and followed the entire course of the Peace River; he crossed the Rocky Mountains and the Coast Range, discovering between them an interior plateau and the upper course of the Fraser River. In 1793 and 1794, Mackenzie returned eastward along the same route, crossing the continent a second time.

WORKS

Voyages From Montreal on the River St. Lawrence Through the Continent of North-America … , parts 1-2. London, 1801.

REFERENCE

Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1962.

I. P. MAGIDOVICH


Mackenzie, Alexander

 

Born Jan. 28, 1822, in Perthshire, Scotland; died Apr. 17, 1892, in Toronto. Canadian statesman.

Beginning in 1842, Mackenzie lived in Canada, and in 1867 he was elected to the House of Commons there. He was the leader of the Liberal Party in the 1870’s. From November 1873 to October 1878 he served as prime minister of the first Liberal government of Canada, holding at the same time the post of minister of public works. The Mackenzie government conducted a policy of free trade.

REFERENCE

Thomson, D. C. Alexander Mackenzie: Clear Grit. Toronto, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
You would think roses with names like Alexander Mackenzie, Henry Kelsey, David Thompson and the rest, would have the wherewithal to thrive in a Canadian winter without any special preparation at all," I commented.
He details how Alexander Mackenzie became the first European explorer to cross from the Atlantic to the Pacific a dozen years before Lewis and Clark.
Alexander Mackenzie, a Scotsman-turned-Canadian hero who died nonetheless a proud Scot, was in fact the first European to cross the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific north of Mexico.
Fellow cop Alexander MacKenzie, whose 39 years' service makes him one of the longest serving officers in Scotland, also gets the Queen's Police Medal.
Peter Cooper, prosecuting, told the jury that Jonathan Beard,Hassan Miah Shigdar, Edward Hunter and Alexander Mackenzie Skeoch 'overstepped the mark' as they wrestled Mr Lawrence, aged 41, to the floor of a general store.
In 1874 the Liberal regime of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie invoked the Dominion government's constitutional power to disallow provincial legislation.
Canadian Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie, in 1877 on the question of prohibiting the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages, warned against expecting too much of the law.
The longest and probably most significant journey he undertook was in mid-summer, 1937, when he travelled down the eponymous Mackenzie River to the Arctic, following in the path of another Scotsman, Alexander Mackenzie, a century and a half before.
Samuel Hearne, Alexander Henry, and Alexander Mackenzie explored Canada not on behalf of colonizing nations but for the profit of fur-trading companies.
Radio was something of a solace," said Carpenter, who at the age of six was sent to the Sir Alexander Mackenzie Residential School in Inuvik and stayed at the nearby Anglican-run hostel, Stringer Hall.
She made up her own six-page picture story booklet about the Loyalists to give to the students, and discussed the Loyalist migration into Quebec and Nova Scotia, the creation of New Brunswick and Ontario, the North West Company, western exploration (with the Indian guides and French Canadian coureurs des bois), and gave examples of some of the many accomplishments of Sir Alexander MacKenzie and Simon Fraser.
and groves of poplars irregularly scattered," (2) as Alexander Mackenzie wrote in 1792, were a meat larder for the fur trade and a bread basket for the settlers.