Alexander Nevsky Monastery

(redirected from Alexander Nevsky Lavra)
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Alexander Nevsky Monastery


a former monastery in Leningrad. Founded by Peter I in 1710 to honor Alexander Nevsky, it was designated lavra (first-rank monastery) in 1797. The architectural ensemble of the monastery includes the Blagoveshchenie church (1717–22; architects, D. Trezini and T. Shvertfeger), the Fedorov church (1742–50; architect, P. Trezini), and the monumental classical Troitsa cathedral (1778–90; architect, I. E. Starov).

The monastery is now a state preserve, where the Museum of City Sculpture, which includes an 18th-century necropolis (the Lazarevskoe Cemetery with sculptures by I. P. Martos and M. I. Kozlovskii) and the necropolis of masters of the arts (the Tikhvinskoe Cemetery), is located. M. V. Lomonosov, A. V. Suvorov, D. I. Fonvizin, N. M. Karamzin, I. A. Krylov, M. I. Glinka, M. P. Mussorgsky, P. I. Tchaikovsky, F. M. Dostoevsky, V. V. Stasov, and many other figures of the 18—20th centuries are buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.


Pamiatniki arkhitektury Leningrada. Leningrad, 1958.
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With support from individuals and corporations, plus organizations such as the World Bank and Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Sarskaia currently has projects underway to preserve and maintain such architectural icons as Alexander Palace, Fedorovsky Cathedral, the Fedorovsky Little Town, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra and the Gatchina Palace.