Alexander Nevsky Monastery

Alexander Nevsky Monastery

 

a former monastery in Leningrad. Founded by Peter I in 1710 to honor Alexander Nevsky, it was designated lavra (first-rank monastery) in 1797. The architectural ensemble of the monastery includes the Blagoveshchenie church (1717–22; architects, D. Trezini and T. Shvertfeger), the Fedorov church (1742–50; architect, P. Trezini), and the monumental classical Troitsa cathedral (1778–90; architect, I. E. Starov).

The monastery is now a state preserve, where the Museum of City Sculpture, which includes an 18th-century necropolis (the Lazarevskoe Cemetery with sculptures by I. P. Martos and M. I. Kozlovskii) and the necropolis of masters of the arts (the Tikhvinskoe Cemetery), is located. M. V. Lomonosov, A. V. Suvorov, D. I. Fonvizin, N. M. Karamzin, I. A. Krylov, M. I. Glinka, M. P. Mussorgsky, P. I. Tchaikovsky, F. M. Dostoevsky, V. V. Stasov, and many other figures of the 18—20th centuries are buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.

REFERENCE

Pamiatniki arkhitektury Leningrada. Leningrad, 1958.
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