Alexander Selkirk

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Alexander Selkirk
BirthplaceLower Largo, Fife, Scotland
Died
NationalityScottish and British (after 1707)
Occupation
Sailor
Known for Inspiring Robinson Crusoe

Selkirk, Alexander

(sĕl`kərk), 1676–1721, Scottish sailor whose adventures suggested to Daniel Defoe the story of Robinson Crusoe (1719). In 1704, as a sailing master, Selkirk quarreled with the captain of his ship in the Juan FernándezJuan Fernández
, group of small islands, S Pacific, c.400 mi (640 km) W of Valparaiso, Chile. They belong to Chile and are constitutionally a special territory; they are administered as a part of Valparaiso prov.
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 islands and asked to be put ashore. He remained on Más a Tierra Island for four years and four months before he was rescued (Feb., 1709) by an English privateer.

Bibliography

See J. Howell, The Life and Adventures of Alexander Selkirk (1829).

Selkirk, Alexander

real-life prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Br. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]

Selkirk, Alexander

(1676–1721) marooned on Pacific island; thought to be prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Scot. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]