Alexander Selkirk

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Related to Alexander Selkirk: Juan Fernández Islands
Alexander Selkirk
BirthplaceLower Largo, Fife, Scotland
NationalityScottish and British (after 1707)
Known for Inspiring Robinson Crusoe

Selkirk, Alexander

(sĕl`kərk), 1676–1721, Scottish sailor whose adventures suggested to Daniel Defoe the story of Robinson Crusoe (1719). In 1704, as a sailing master, Selkirk quarreled with the captain of his ship in the Juan FernándezJuan Fernández
, group of small islands, S Pacific, c.400 mi (640 km) W of Valparaiso, Chile. They belong to Chile and are constitutionally a special territory; they are administered as a part of Valparaiso prov.
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 islands and asked to be put ashore. He remained on Más a Tierra Island for four years and four months before he was rescued (Feb., 1709) by an English privateer.


See J. Howell, The Life and Adventures of Alexander Selkirk (1829).

Selkirk, Alexander

real-life prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Br. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]

Selkirk, Alexander

(1676–1721) marooned on Pacific island; thought to be prototype of Robinson Crusoe. [Scot. Hist.: EB, IX: 45]
References in periodicals archive ?
The other two are Isla Alexander Selkirk - where the Scot was marooned for four years and four months in 1705 - and Santa Clara.
But Juan Fernandez, the island where Alexander Selkirk -the real-life Robinson Crusoe -had survived for four years had fresh food and gave Anson's men time to recover.
Scottish mariner Alexander Selkirk is marooned on a South Pacific island--and becomes the model for Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe.
Fife's Lower Largo was home to Alexander Selkirk, the castaway sailor whose adventures inspired the famous novel by Daniel Defoe.
One interesting tale involves pirates' rescue of Alexander Selkirk (DeFoe's inspiration for Robinson Crusoe) and his joining with their crew.
THINGS have changed significantly since my last despatch, making me feel not unlike Alexander Selkirk in his solitude.
In the early 18th century, one could have sat on the wooden benches outside, getting merrily pissed while watching Alexander Selkirk leave from Kinsale Harbour for brighter shores.
1709: The real Robinson Crusoe, Alexander Selkirk on whom Daniel Defoe based his famous novel, was rescued after spending five years on the uninhabited islands of Juan Fernandez.
President Michelle Bachelet said a huge wave hit the Juan Fernandez islands, an archipelago where Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk was marooned in the 18th century, inspiring the novel Robinson Crusoe.
Treasure hunter Alexander Selkirk spent four years marooned on an island off Chile, and his amazing survival against the odds led Daniel Defoe to write the classic novel.
While on that journey, Rogers, who was a friend of the author Daniel Defoe, even stopped off at a remote Pacific island and found castaway Alexander Selkirk, who inspired the character and book Robinson Crusoe.