Alexandra Feodorovna


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Alexandra Feodorovna

(fēô'dərŏv`nə, Rus. fyô`dərəvnə), 1872–1918, last Russian czarina, consort of Nicholas IINicholas II,
1868–1918, last czar of Russia (1894–1917), son of Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna. Road to Revolution

Nicholas was educated by private tutors and the reactionary Pobyedonostzev.
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; she was a Hessian princess and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Neurotic and superstitious, she was easily dominated by RasputinRasputin, Grigori Yefimovich
, 1872–1916, Russian "holy man," a notorious figure at the court of Czar Nicholas II. He was a semiliterate peasant and debauchee who preached and practiced a doctrine of salvation that mixed religious fervor with sexual indulgence.
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, who seemingly was able to check the hemophiliahemophilia
, genetic disease in which the clotting ability of the blood is impaired and excessive bleeding results. The disease is transmitted through females but almost invariably affects male offspring only.
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 of her son. During World War I, when Nicholas took command (Sept., 1915) of the forces at the front, Alexandra Feodorovna assumed control in St. Petersburg and prevailed upon her husband to replace independent and liberal ministers with those favored by Rasputin. Her great unpopularity was increased by widespread suspicions that she was pro-German. With her husband and children, she was shot by the Bolsheviks; the family was canonized by the Russian Orthodox church in 2000.
References in periodicals archive ?
1570), which is from the Armory of Maximilian Ludwig Graf Breuner, Feldmarschall of the Holy Roman Empire and later belonged to the Dukes von Ratibor at Schloss Grafeneff, at Peter Finer ; and a Carl Faberge Imperial gold and enamel magnifying glass purchased by Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna from Faberge and gifted to Tsarina's sister, Princess Irene of Prussia, at Wartski.
However, it seems that the utmost faith of the Russian Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of Tsar Nicholas II, in the healing powers of the man who was called, among other names, the mad monk, is matched today by the belief of Iraqi politicians in Al Sistani.
After 1894 when Alexander III died, his son, Tsar Nicholas II continued to present an Imperial Egg each Easter morning to his wife, the Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna and one to his mother, the Dowager Empress.