Alexius i Comnenus

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Alexius i Comnenus

 

(Alexios Komnenós). Born circa 1048 into a family of provincial nobles; died Aug. 15, 1118. Byzantine emperor from 1081. Founder of the Comneni dynasty. Prominent military commander.

Relying on the support of the Comneni family and their relatives in the military aristocracy, Alexius I Comnenus usurped the throne of the emperor. He persecuted the Bogomils, supressed numerous feudal uprisings, and strove to subordinate the church to the imperial power. In the early 1090’s Alexius repulsed the onslaught of the Normans under Robert Guiscard and the Seljuks, and in 1091 that of the Pechenegs. Taking advantage of the successes of the crusaders, he increased the empire’s domains in Asia Minor. In 1108, Alexius forced Bohemund of Tarentum, prince of Antioch, to acknowledge himself a vassal of the Byzantine emperor.

REFERENCES

Istoriia Vizantii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1967. Chapters 12–13.
Chalandon, F. Essai sur la règne d’Alexis I Comnène. Paris, 1900.

A. P. KAZHDAN