Alfaro, Flavio Eloy

Alfaro, Flavio Eloy

(flä`vyō āloi` älfä`rō), 1867–1912, president of Ecuador (1897–1901, 1907–11). Regarded as a champion of liberalism, Alfaro introduced legal and economic reforms that largely undid the clerical privileges granted by Gabriel García MorenoGarcía Moreno, Gabriel
, 1821–75, president of Ecuador (1861–65, 1869–75), b. Guayaquil. A conservative with deep religious convictions, he gradually came to believe that Ecuadorans could only be united as a nation through their common Roman Catholic
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. Exiled by the opposition, he returned to lead a revolt but was defeated, imprisoned, and murdered by an angry mob.