Alföld

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Alföld

(ôl`föld), Hun. Nagy-Alföld [Great Alföld], great central plain of Hungary extending into Serbia and W Romania. The level region is drained by the Tisza and Danube rivers. Formerly wooded, the Alföld gradually became a steppe region as the Magyar and then the Mongol invaders (13th cent.) cut down many trees, exposing the soil to dry winds. Grasslands covered most of the Alföld until the late 19th cent., when extensive irrigation and drainage projects transformed parts of it into fertile farmland; grains, vegetables, feed crops, and livestock are now raised. The Alföld, on a primary invasion route to Europe, has been the scene of many major battles. The Little Alföld (Hun. Kis-Alföld) is located in NW Hungary and extends into S Slovakia and Austria.

Alföld

 

(from Hungarian alfold, lowland), lowlands in Hungary, leading into the middle Danube Valley. In the broad sense an alföld is a valley with fertile soil suitable for growing grain (as opposed to puszta, which are pasturelands).

References in periodicals archive ?
Waverley Borough - Alfold, Cranleigh Rural and Ellen's Green: C 429, Lib Dem 238.
DEAN YOUNG PHOTOGRAPHY KAREN ROSS, daughter of David and Dorothy Ross of Forfield Road, Coundon, married Dr David James, son of John and Margaret Newlands of Clapper's Meadow, Alfold, Surrey, at Coundon Methodist Church, Coventry, June 7
Miller, of Alfold, Surrey, was visited by officials from the TV Licensing Authority and warned that he faced a fine if he continued to watch television without paying the fee.
In Budapest--we've now shifted, by the way, to Between the Woods and the Water--he caroused with the local jeunesse doree; and when he set out across the Great Hungarian Plain, he found still more drawbridges lowering at his approach: "word of the hazard moving across the south-east Alfold [i.
Now the literary critic Tibor Keresztury, an editor of the monthly Alfold, offers a comprehensive survey of Gyorgy Petri's work.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Kelemer region was occupied from the Middle Neolithic onwards (TABLE 1), starting with the development of the Alfold Linear Pottery Culture between approximately 5330-4940 BC (Kalicz & Makkay 1977; Hertelendi et al.
The first period of degradation falls within the time that the region was colonized by the Alfold Linear Pottery Culture (Middle Neolithic) (approximately 5330-4940 BC) and Bukk Culture (approximately 5260-4800 BC) (Korek & Patay 1958; Kalicz & Makkay 1977; Hertelendi et al.