Alföld Movement of 1868

(redirected from Alfold Movement of 1868)

Alföld Movement of 1868

 

movement in southeastern Hungary under the slogans of freedom, equality, fraternity, and the full reestablishment of the constitution of 1848. It was directed against the February 1867 agreement concluded by the Hungarian ruling circles with the Haps-burgs providing for the transformation of the Austrian Empire into a dual Austro-Hungarian state. The movement began in the second half of 1867 with the establishment of a network of democratic circles in Alföld (hence the title), where the bulk of the participants were land-short and landless peasants who were demanding the just distribution of lands and public pasture. In the spring of 1868 in Nagykorosza and other areas of Alföld there were attempts to divide up landlord lands. The Austro-Hungarian government dealt cruelly with the Alföld Movement.

REFERENCES

Magyarország története, vol. 2. Budapest, 1956.