Alfonsín, Raúl

Alfonsín, Raúl

(rä-o͞ol` älfônsēn`) (Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín Foulkes), 1927–2009, president of Argentina (1983–89). A long-time political activist, a member of the Radical party, and a provincial and national legislator, he opposed Juan PerónPerón, Juan Domingo
, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). Early Career and First Presidency

An army officer, Perón was the leader of a group of colonels that rose to prominence after the overthrow of the government
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 and several military governments. Following the bloody military rule of 1976–83, in which an estimated 10,000 people were killed or "disappeared," and the Falkland Islands war (1982), which discredited the junta, Alfonsín was elected president. His government prosecuted and imprisoned many of the previous military rulers and their collaborators, converting Alfonsín into an international symbol of human rights. He had less success in stemming Argentina's hyperinflation, and his failure in economic policy paved the way for the victory of the Peronist candidate, Carlos Saúl MenemMenem, Carlos Saúl
, 1930–, president of Argentina (1989–99). A Peronist (see Juan Domingo Perón), he served as governor of La Rioja (1973–76, 1983–89). Imprisoned during the 1976 coup, he was released in 1981.
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, in the presidential elections of 1989. Alfonsín remained influential in Argentinian politics in subsequent years, and briefly served as a senator (2001–2).