Alfonso II

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Alfonso II, king of Aragón

Alfonso II,

1152–96, king of Aragón (1162–96) and, as Raymond Berengar V, count of Barcelona (1162–96); son and successor of Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragón. He inherited Provence (1166), which he successfully defended against the counts of Toulouse, and Roussillon (1172). He conquered (1171) Teruel from the Moors and, after releasing himself from homage to Alfonso VIII of Castile, concluded with him the Treaty of Cazorla (1179), which reserved the reconquest of Valencia for Aragón. He was succeeded in Aragón by his eldest son, Peter II, and in Provence by a younger son.

Alfonso II, king of Portugal

Alfonso II

(Alfonso the Fat), 1185–1223, king of Portugal (1211–23), son and successor of Sancho I. His reign was spent in struggles with the church and his brothers and sisters, to whom his father had left many of his estates. Alfonso's measures against the church holdings and the bishops led to his excommunication (1219). Though he was himself unwarlike, Alfonso's army took part in the major victory over the Moors at Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) and captured (1217) Alcácer do Sal. He was succeeded by his son Sancho II (reigned 1223–48).

Alfonso II, Spanish king of Asturias

Alfonso II

(Alfonso the Chaste), 759–842, Spanish king of Asturias (791–842), grandson of Alfonso I. He established his capital at Oviedo, which his father, Fruela I, had founded. Continuing the struggle against the Moors, he sought the support of the Frankish emperors Charlemagne and Louis I. Alfonso II built the first church on the site of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de Compostela
or Santiago,
city (1990 pop. 91,419), A Coruña prov., NW Spain, in Galicia, on the Sar River. The city is one of the chief shrines of Christendom. There in the early 9th cent. the supposed tomb of the apostle St.
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References in periodicals archive ?
La Estoria de Espana cuenta que este rey se caso con Monnina del linaje del rey de Navarra y tuvieron como hijos a Alfonso II de Asturias, apodado el Casto, quien reinaria entre 760 y 842 (Estoria de Espana 229-47).
The city is made up of interesting squares with the cathedral square leading to the square of Alfonso II the Chaste, where you will find the palaces of Valdecarzana and la Ra.
It is perhaps no accident that a theory of play would issue from the court of Alfonso II, which seems to have reveled in games of every sort.
1561-1613, who was said to have feared competition from no one else), celebrated organist, and teacher of Girolamo Fresco-baldi (1583-1643), he served as director of music under the music-loving Duke Alfonso II at the court of Ferrara, one of the most prestigious musical centers of the time.
His accounts suggest an ability to gain the attention, if not the confidence, of princes such as Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy, Cosimo I of Florence, and Alfonso II of Ferrara, although he was less successful with Pope Pins V.
9) After Count Ramon Berenguer II of Provence died, without a male heir, in August 1166, the ruler of Aragon and Barcelona claimed the county, and Alfonso II spent much of 1167 in Provence, securing his position.
Musica Secreta takes it name from the group of legendary women singers in the Court of Duke Alfonso II in Ferrara in North Italy, who would only allow chosen guests at private concerts to hear their superb singing.
These water amusements varied from the heavy-handed fifteenth-century japes of the Neapolitan Duke Alfonso II, in whose courtyard at Poggioreale diners could suddenly find themselves two or three feet deep in water, to the sudden delicate jets and sprays which unexpectedly cooled visitors to gardens designed 100 years later.
Where arms and the man went, finally, went the singer: references to Brancaccio's "miraculous" bass voice began to appear in the 1540s, a voice that by the late 1570s won him yet another triumph, a place among the virtuosi of Alfonso II d'Este's musica segreta.
In a clever twist on the extensive research on musicmaking in Ferrara over the last few decades (by Anthony Newcomb, Elio Durante, and Arma Martellotti, among others), Nina Treadwell shifts the emphasis away from Duke Alfonso II d'Este to his third wife, the Duchess Margherita Gonzaga, and her contributions to entertainment at the Ferrarese court.
Not long thereafter, King Alfonso II of Asturias and Galicia had a small church built at the site.
He had a notable career too as chancellor, diplomat, and adviser to the Aragonese Kings of Naples, Ferrante I, Alfonso II, and Ferrante II (Ferrandino).