Alfonso VIII


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Alfonso VIII

(Alfonso the Noble), 1155–1214, Spanish king of Castile (1158–1214), son and successor of Sancho III. Chaos prevailed during his minority, but he quickly restored order after assuming (1166) the government. Alfonso took (1177) Cuenca from the Moors, but later (1195) he was seriously defeated by them at Alarcos. León and Navarre then invaded Castile, but Alfonso forced them to make peace, annexing Álava and Guipúzcoa from Navarre. Allied with his former Christian enemies, he led them to the great victory over the Almohads at Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). Alfonso was married to Eleanor, daughter of Henry II of England. Their children included Henry, who succeeded his father as Henry I; Blanche, who married Louis VIII of France; and Berenguela, who married Alfonso IX of León and whose son Ferdinand III united Castile and León.
References in periodicals archive ?
SPANISH bullfighting dates back to the 12th century when the first bout was staged as a celebration for newly crowned King Alfonso VIII.
He suggested that the kings of Aragon and Castile made an agreement in 1172 against Pedro Ruiz of Azagra, lord of Albarracin, an important and awkwardly `independent' frontier fortress which had been bestowed on him by the Muslim King Lobo of Murcia and Valencia, but that Alfonso VIII broke the agreement and Alfonso II then `in a fit of temper repudiated his engagement with Sancha' (Kastner, `Bertran de Born's sirventes', pp.
responsibility for advising Alfonso VIII of Castile to ask his noblemen
The first of these is a brief, general survey of the political history of Leon and Castile between the accession of Alfonso VI in 1065 and the death of Alfonso VIII in 1214.